AFTE’s Newsletter: February 2023

Date : Wednesday, 1 March, 2023
Facebook
Twitter
In February, the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) monitored Egypt’s state and problems of freedom of thought and expression. Through its various units’ activities, AFTE issued reports and a statement, and undersigned a joint statement with other human rights organizations. these activities aimed to take a deeper look at some of the issues of freedom of thought and expression currently raised, and provided legal aid in cases related to freedom of thoughts and expression.

1. Publications

The human rights situation in Egypt has witnessed systematic and continuous violations, freedom of expression has been subjected to restrictions and violations through security crackdowns that affected most segments of society for expressing their opinions or opposing the various government policies. Journalists came on top of the targeted segments. They are still prisoners report is based on interviews conducted with 13 journalists who were previously imprisoned over their journalistic work.

 

“They have no presence!” paper is based on some human rights reports and studies that tackled the situation of the LGBT community in Egypt and the violations committed against them, as well as an analysis of the media behaviour in the aftermath of the rainbow flag incident. It also relied on news reports published during the period from 2005 until now.

2. Joint Statements

 

AFTE undersigned a statement titled Egypt: Release Prison Population Figures Lack of Transparency, Whitewashing Efforts as Abuse Continues along with eight human rights NGOs calling the Egyptian authorities to increase transparency by making essential figures about the country’s detainee population public, particularly how many people have been kept in custody in recent years under the nationwide crackdown on dissent.

3. Legal Aid

 

– Because of Facebook posts; Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby’s detention for 15 days
– Khaled Mohamed Mahmoud released under guarantee of his place of residence
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews the detention of journalist Manal Agrama for 15 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews four defendants’ pretrial detention for 15 days for calling to November 11 demonstration
– Journalist Mohamed Fawzy Mosaad released under the guarantee of his residence place
– Despite exceeding legal pretrial detention period; Criminal Court renews Marwa Arafa’s detention for 45 days
– Because of Facebook posts; Supreme State Security Prosecution renews the detention of Hussein Shehata and journalist Ahmed Abdel Majid for 15 days
– Criminal Court renews the detention of four students for 45 days; for participating in the “Batman of Helwan” event
– Criminal Court renews the detention of journalist Tawfiq Ghanem for 45 days
– Criminal Court renews Amr Abdel-Moneim’s detention for 45 days
– Criminal Court renews the detention of student Mohamed Ahmed Saad for 45 days
– Court of Cassation dismisses Mawaddah al-Adham’s appeal and upholds her 6-year prison verdict
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews the detention of human rights lawyer Ahmed Nazeer El-Helw for 15 days
– Criminal Court renews Mohamed Mamdouh Abdel Halim’s detention for 45 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews the detention of Ziad Abo El-Fadl, Khaled Abdel Mohsen, and Ahmed Abou Elsoud for 15 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews doctor Hamed Sedeek’s detention for 15 days pending his second case
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Mohamed Raafat Nasr’s detention for 15 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Mohamed Abdel Aal Abou El-Dahab’s detention for 15 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Mohamed Mahmoud Abou Mandour’s detention for 15 days; because of Facebook posts
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 15 days
– Criminal Court renews Mohamed Mahfouz Abdul Latif’s detention for 45 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews the detention of 4 defendants for 15 days; for sharing political posts
– Criminal Court renews Socialist Popular Alliance Party member Wessam Salah’s detention for 45 days
– Criminal Court renews Ahmed Hassanein Mohamed Moussa’s pretrial detention for 45 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews the detention of Ziad Abo El-Fadl, Khaled Abdel Mohsen, and Ahmed Abou Elsoud for 15 days
– Criminal Court renews student Estshhad Kamal Rezk’s detention for 45 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Mohamed Raafat Nasr’s detention for 15 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews doctor Hamed Sedeek’s detention for 15 days
– Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Mohamed Abdel Aal Abou El-Dahab’s detention for 15 days
– After his release was dismissed; Borg El-Arab Prosecution renews Moaaz Rizk’s detention for 15 days

Follow Us:

Latest Update

Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt and human rights We, the undersigned Egyptian, regional and international human rights organisations, urge the European Commission and member states to uphold international and EU law to ensure that macro-financial assistance to Egypt granted under EU regulations secures concrete, measurable, structural and timebound human rights progress and reforms in the country. Since the 2013 military ousting of former president Mohamed Morsi, Egypt has been ruled with an iron fist. Authorities have brutally and systematically silenced peaceful dissent, nearly wiped-out independent media and civil society, repressed political opposition, adopted and enacted repressive legislation, jailed tens of thousands of actual or perceived critics and severely undermined the independence of the judiciary and of the legal profession. With very little civic, judicial, or parliamentary scrutiny, the authorities have faced virtually no accountability for their repressive policies and actions. In turn, this has contributed to the government’s failure to respect, protect and fulfil people’s social and economic rights, leading to setbacks for those most affected by the recurring economic crises in the country. From February 2024 onwards, Egypt’s donors including the United Arab Emirates, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the United Kingdom and the European Union provided or pledged around 57 billion USD in grants and loans. As part of this process, donors should ensure that the Egyptian authorities pursue and effectively implement reforms that improve respect for human rights alongside greater transparency and accountability. Donors must also ensure that economic and fiscal measures implemented as part of these programs do not contribute to the further erosion of people’s economic and social rights, especially in light of the continuing rise in poverty rates since the adoption of the first IMF program in 2016, as well as the Egyptian government’s inadequate spending levels on social protection, health and education. Any agreed macroeconomic reforms must reflect and uphold the legal obligations of all parties with regard to economic and social rights, notably in the areas of labour rights and environmental justice, and corporate accountability. We believe that structural reforms to strengthen rule of law, guarantee fair trials, open civic space, uphold the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association and media freedom, and release all those arbitrarily detained, are crucial. Not only would they comply with Egypt’s constitution and international human rights obligations, but they would also address some of the root causes of Egypt’s financial and economic instability. This instability has severely impacted the economic and social rights of millions of people in Egypt, who will ultimately carry the burden of repaying Egypt’s debts, particularly those in vulnerable and marginalised situations. We note that EU regulations require that recipients of macro-financial assistance “adhere to the respect of human rights and effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system and the rule of law,” while the European Council stipulated that a precondition for granting the Union’s macro-financial assistance is that “Egypt continues to make concrete and credible steps towards respecting effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system, and the rule of law, and guaranteeing respect for human rights.” However, what those “concrete and credible steps” should be is not defined in the Commission’s proposal. As the Commission and Egyptian authorities negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) to regulate the disbursement of EU funds to Egypt up to 2027, we urge the European Commission, Council and Parliament to ensure that: 1) The MoUs lay out a roadmap for structural reforms, with public, clear, specific and timebound indicators, targets and benchmarks for Egypt to meet its human rights obligations. 2) Egyptian authorities immediately and unconditionally release all those detained solely for the peaceful exercise of their human rights including the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. 3) Egyptian authorities open civic and political space, by respecting the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, including before, during and after the 2025 parliamentary elections. If these steps are met the EU’s macro-financial assistance will contribute to concrete and lasting progress on human rights and the rule of law in Egypt, which is indispensable to ensure transparency and accountability, end impunity and help prevent the recurrence of economic crises in the country. Failing to set human rights benchmarks would instead be a blank check for further abuses and repression in Egypt. Signatories Amnesty International Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies Committee for Justice Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) Egyptian Front for Human Rights (EFHR) Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF) Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) EgyptWide for Human Rights EuroMed Rights International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) Human Rights Watch Middle East Democracy Center (MEDC) Minority Rights Group Refugees Platform In Egypt (RPE) Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP)Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt and human rights We, the undersigned Egyptian, regional and international human rights organisations, urge the European Commission and member states to uphold international and EU law to ensure that macro-financial assistance to Egypt granted under EU regulations secures concrete, measurable, structural and timebound human rights progress and reforms in the country. Since the 2013 military ousting of former president Mohamed Morsi, Egypt has been ruled with an iron fist. Authorities have brutally and systematically silenced peaceful dissent, nearly wiped-out independent media and civil society, repressed political opposition, adopted and enacted repressive legislation, jailed tens of thousands of actual or perceived critics and severely undermined the independence of the judiciary and of the legal profession. With very little civic, judicial, or parliamentary scrutiny, the authorities have faced virtually no accountability for their repressive policies and actions. In turn, this has contributed to the government’s failure to respect, protect and fulfil people’s social and economic rights, leading to setbacks for those most affected by the recurring economic crises in the country. From February 2024 onwards, Egypt’s donors including the United Arab Emirates, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the United Kingdom and the European Union provided or pledged around 57 billion USD in grants and loans. As part of this process, donors should ensure that the Egyptian authorities pursue and effectively implement reforms that improve respect for human rights alongside greater transparency and accountability. Donors must also ensure that economic and fiscal measures implemented as part of these programs do not contribute to the further erosion of people’s economic and social rights, especially in light of the continuing rise in poverty rates since the adoption of the first IMF program in 2016, as well as the Egyptian government’s inadequate spending levels on social protection, health and education. Any agreed macroeconomic reforms must reflect and uphold the legal obligations of all parties with regard to economic and social rights, notably in the areas of labour rights and environmental justice, and corporate accountability. We believe that structural reforms to strengthen rule of law, guarantee fair trials, open civic space, uphold the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association and media freedom, and release all those arbitrarily detained, are crucial. Not only would they comply with Egypt’s constitution and international human rights obligations, but they would also address some of the root causes of Egypt’s financial and economic instability. This instability has severely impacted the economic and social rights of millions of people in Egypt, who will ultimately carry the burden of repaying Egypt’s debts, particularly those in vulnerable and marginalised situations. We note that EU regulations require that recipients of macro-financial assistance “adhere to the respect of human rights and effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system and the rule of law,” while the European Council stipulated that a precondition for granting the Union’s macro-financial assistance is that “Egypt continues to make concrete and credible steps towards respecting effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system, and the rule of law, and guaranteeing respect for human rights.” However, what those “concrete and credible steps” should be is not defined in the Commission’s proposal. As the Commission and Egyptian authorities negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) to regulate the disbursement of EU funds to Egypt up to 2027, we urge the European Commission, Council and Parliament to ensure that: 1) The MoUs lay out a roadmap for structural reforms, with public, clear, specific and timebound indicators, targets and benchmarks for Egypt to meet its human rights obligations. 2) Egyptian authorities immediately and unconditionally release all those detained solely for the peaceful exercise of their human rights including the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. 3) Egyptian authorities open civic and political space, by respecting the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, including before, during and after the 2025 parliamentary elections. If these steps are met the EU’s macro-financial assistance will contribute to concrete and lasting progress on human rights and the rule of law in Egypt, which is indispensable to ensure transparency and accountability, end impunity and help prevent the recurrence of economic crises in the country. Failing to set human rights benchmarks would instead be a blank check for further abuses and repression in Egypt. Signatories Amnesty International Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies Committee for Justice Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) Egyptian Front for Human Rights (EFHR) Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF) Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) EgyptWide for Human Rights EuroMed Rights International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) Human Rights Watch Middle East Democracy Center (MEDC) Minority Rights Group Refugees Platform In Egypt (RPE) Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP)and human rights

To subscribe to AFTE’s monthly newsletter

leave your email address below