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January Revolution Activist Ahmed Oraby’s Detention renewed for 45 Days

Publish Date : Tuesday, 22 November, 2022
Last Update : Thursday, 23 May, 2024
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21 May 2024 

The Criminal Court (First Circuit Terrorism) decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security), in which Oraby is accused of sharing Facebook discussing poor living conditions.

It should be noted that Oraby lost his eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud Street, and he was previously imprisoned for a year and a half. This time, he was arrested in November 2022. 

He faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.

 

Criminal Court renews the detention of activist and one of the injured in January Revolution Ahmed Oraby for 45 days

The Criminal Court (First Circuit Terrorism) renewed the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security), in which Oraby is accused over Facebook posts he shared discussing poor living conditions.

It should be noted that Oraby lost his eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud Street, and he was previously imprisoned for a year and a half. This time, he was arrested in November 2022. 

He faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.

21 February 2024

The Criminal Court (First Circuit Terrorism) renewed the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security), in which Oraby is accused over Facebook posts he shared discussing poor living conditions.

It should be noted that Oraby lost his eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud Street, and he was previously imprisoned for a year and a half. This time he was arrested in November 2022, and he faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.

9 January 2024

The Criminal Court (Second Circuit) renewed the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security), in which Oraby is accused over Facebook posts he shared discussing poor living conditions.

It should be noted that Oraby lost his eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud Street, and he was previously imprisoned for a year and a half. This time he was arrested in November 2022, and he faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.

27 November 2023 

The Criminal Court (Third Circuit) renewed the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security), in which Oraby is accused over Facebook posts he shared discussing poor living conditions.

It should be noted that Oraby lost his eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud Street, and he was previously imprisoned for a year and a half. This time he was arrested in November 2022, and he faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.

16 October 2023 

The Criminal Court (Second Circuit) renewed the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security), in which Oraby is accused over Facebook posts he shared discussing poor living conditions.

It should be noted that Oraby lost his eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud Street, and he was previously imprisoned for a year and a half. This time he was arrested in November 2022, and he faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.


Criminal Court renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 45 days over Facebook posts

3 September 2023 

The Criminal Court (First Circuit) renewed the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security), in which Oraby is accused over Facebook posts he shared discussing poor living conditions.

A security force arrested Oraby in November from his home, and the prosecution confronted him with fifteen posts from his Facebook account. and Oraby admitted his ownership of the account. In June, the Foundation for Freedom of Thought and Expression and the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights submitted a report to the Public Prosecutor after Oraby was subjected to physical torture and abuse during his transfer from Badr 1 to Badr 3 prison.

Oraby faces accusations of joining a terrorist group, financing terrorism, instigating a terrorist crime, being complicit in a criminal conspiracy to commit terrorism, publishing and disseminating false news, and using the internet to commit terrorism.


After being physically assaulted, Criminal Court renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 45 days

22 July 2023 

On July 22, Cairo Criminal Court (Third Circuit) decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

During the last month; the Association of Freedom of Thoughts and Expression, and the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights submitted a report to the attorney general to urgently open a investigation into the incident of assaulting and harassing him while being transferred from Bard 1 prison to Badr 3 prison as a form of punishment for his objection to the ill-treatment he received from one of the prison conscripts.

It should be noted that Oraby lost his eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud Street, and he was previously imprisoned for a year and a half, this time; he was arrested in November and he faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.

14 June 2023 “AFTE and EIPR submit a report to the attorney general regarding the assault and harassment of defendant Ahmed Oraby”

The defense teams of the Association of Freedom of Thoughts and Expression, and the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights submitted a report to the attorney general to open an investigation into the incident of assaulting and harassing defendant Ahmed Oraby while being transferred to the Correction and Rehabilitation Center in Badr Prison 3. The report carried No. 33043 of 2023.

During Oraby’s last detention renewal hearing, he appeared before the Criminal Court with bare feet and a shaved head. He was also transferred to Badr Prison 3 as a form of punishment for opposing the poor treatment he received from one of the officers in his previous prison of Badr 1 Prison.

Oraby was arrested from his home on November 6, 2022, after writing several posts on Facebook discussing his political and economic views. He faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, committing a terrorist financing crime, inciting a terrorist act, participating in a criminal agreement for the purpose of committing a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements, and using an account on social media to commit a crime.

5 June 2023 “After being punished by being transferred to Badr 3 prison for opposing ill-treatment, Criminal Court renewed Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 45 days”

On June 5, Cairo Criminal Court (First Circuit) decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Oraby stated before the Court about being transferred to the Penitentiary Centre of Badr 3 prison last month as a punishment for opposing ill-treatment from an officer in his previous prison at Badr 1, he also appeared before the court barefoot.

A security force arrested Oraby last November after posting on Facebook commenting on political and economic events. Oraby faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

2 May 2023 “Cairo Criminal Court renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 45 days against Facebook posts” 

On the 2nd of May hearing; Cairo Criminal Court (Third Circuit) decided to renew Ahmed Abdul Magid Oraby’s detention for 45 days, pending investigations of case No. 2094 of 2022 (State Security).

Oraby’s arrest came after he shared several Facebook posts discussing the current domestic political situation. A security force arrested him in November especially with the increase in calls for the November 11 demonstrations against the current regime. It’s noteworthy that Oraby lost his left eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmous Street, but that didn’t prevent him from getting arrested again regardless, he’s also subjected to deliberate medical neglect inside prison as the prison adminstration refused to refer him to an orthopedist and neurologist doctor. 

The Prosecution faced Oraby with 15 Facebook posts, thus; the prosecution accused Oraby of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

18 April 2023 

On April 18, the Criminal Court (First Circuit) decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 45 days, pending investigations of case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). 

A security force arrested Orabyin November after he shared several posts on Facebook contains his political opinions and comments on the domestic situation; notably, Oraby was detained for a year and a half pending the case of “Al-Ittihadiya Palace events” he also lost his left eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud street. Oraby faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

30 March 2023 “Because of Facebook posts; Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 15 days” 

On March 30, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 15 days, pending investigations of case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). 

Security forces arrested Oraby in November after sharing 15 posts on Facebook discussing his political views and his comments on the domestic economy. Oraby faces accusations of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

2 March 2023 “The pretrial detention of Ahmed Oraby was renewed for 15 days” 

On March 2, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the pretrial detention of defendant Ahmed Oraby for 15 days pending case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Oraby was arrested in November 2022 against the backdrop of posting several political posts. He was previously detained for a year and a half in connection with a case known in the media as Al-Ittihadiya Palace event case. Oraby faces charges of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

16 February 2023

On February 16, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby for 15 days, pending investigations of case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Previously, the Prosecution allowed Oraby to be referred to an orthopedist and neurologist doctor, but the prison administration neglected the decision, and his defense called for an investigation into the incident with Badr 1 prison officials.

Security forces arrested Oraby last November after he shared several political posts on Social media. Oraby faces charges of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

2 February 2023 “Because of Facebook posts; Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 15 days” 

On February 2nd, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of defendant Ahmed Abdel Mageed Oraby, for the sixth time since his arrest, pending investigation of case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). And for 15 days. 

Oraby’s arrest comes against the backdrop of sharing several posts on Facebook where he expressed political opinions regarding the domestic situation; the prosecution confronted him with these posts during their first interrogation session and charged him with joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

19 January 2023 “Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 15 days due to Facebook posts” 

On January 19, the Supreme State Security decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Oraby for 15 days in connection with investigations into case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). 

Security forces arrested Oraby this time in November 2022; the Supreme State Security Prosecution confronted him with 15 posts where he expresses his political opinions; notably, Oraby was detained for a year and a half pending the case of “Al-Ittihadiya Palace events” he also lost his left eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud street. Oraby faces charges of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

5 January 2023 

On January 5, the Supreme State Security decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Oraby for 15 days in connection with investigations into case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). 

Security forces arrested Oraby this time in November 2022; the Supreme State Security Prosecution confronted him with 15 posts where he expresses his political opinions; notably, Oraby was detained for a year and a half pending the case of “Al-Ittihadiya Palace events” he also lost his left eye in the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud street. Oraby faces charges of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

26 December 2022

On December 26, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the pretrial detention of defendant Ahmed Oraby for 15 days, pending investigations into case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Oraby lost his left eye in the clashes on Mohamed Mahmoud street; he was detained for a year and a half pending the case known in the media as “Al-Ittihadiya Palace events.” This time he was arrested in November for several posts on Facebook where he expressed his political views, which the Supreme State Security Prosecution confronted him with during the first interrogation hearing; also charged him with joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

12 December 2022 “Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 15 days” 

The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Oraby for 15 days in connection with case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). On December 12. 

Security forces arrested Oraby on November 6; the Supreme State Security Prosecution confronted him with several posts on his personal Facebook account; Oraby confirmed his ownership of the publishing account and wrote these posts due to the challenging living conditions. It’s noteworthy that Oraby lost one of his eyes on the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud street; he was also detained for a year and a half in the case known in the media as Al-Ittihadiya Palace events. 

Oraby faces charges of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime.

28 November 2022 “Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Ahmed Oraby’s detention for 15 days” 

On November 28, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Ahmed Oraby for 15 days in connection with case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

It’s noteworthy that Oraby lost one of his eyes on the clashes of Mohamed Mahmoud street; he was also detained for a year and a half in the case known in the media as Al-Ittihadiya Palace events. This time Oraby was arrested on November 6th; after publishing several posts on Facebook with his opinions regarding several economic and political decisions.

Oraby faces charges of joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in the criminal agreement to commit a terrorist crime, spreading false news and information, and using an account on the Internet to commit a terrorist crime. 

 

21 November 2022 “Supreme State Security Prosecution detains Ahmed Oraby for 15 days” 

On November 21, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to detain Ahmed Oraby for 15 days, in connection with case No. 2094 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Security forces arrested November 6, during the interrogation session, the Supreme State Security Prosecution confronted him with 15 posts on his personal Facebook account, Oraby confirmed his ownership of the publishing account and writing these posts due to the hard living conditions. The investigation authorities charged Oraby with joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its aims, committing the crime of financing terrorism, inciting to commit a terrorist crime, participating in criminal agreement to committ a terrorist crime, spreading false news and statements and using an account on Internet to committ a terrorist crime. 

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Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt and human rights We, the undersigned Egyptian, regional and international human rights organisations, urge the European Commission and member states to uphold international and EU law to ensure that macro-financial assistance to Egypt granted under EU regulations secures concrete, measurable, structural and timebound human rights progress and reforms in the country. Since the 2013 military ousting of former president Mohamed Morsi, Egypt has been ruled with an iron fist. Authorities have brutally and systematically silenced peaceful dissent, nearly wiped-out independent media and civil society, repressed political opposition, adopted and enacted repressive legislation, jailed tens of thousands of actual or perceived critics and severely undermined the independence of the judiciary and of the legal profession. With very little civic, judicial, or parliamentary scrutiny, the authorities have faced virtually no accountability for their repressive policies and actions. In turn, this has contributed to the government’s failure to respect, protect and fulfil people’s social and economic rights, leading to setbacks for those most affected by the recurring economic crises in the country. From February 2024 onwards, Egypt’s donors including the United Arab Emirates, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the United Kingdom and the European Union provided or pledged around 57 billion USD in grants and loans. As part of this process, donors should ensure that the Egyptian authorities pursue and effectively implement reforms that improve respect for human rights alongside greater transparency and accountability. Donors must also ensure that economic and fiscal measures implemented as part of these programs do not contribute to the further erosion of people’s economic and social rights, especially in light of the continuing rise in poverty rates since the adoption of the first IMF program in 2016, as well as the Egyptian government’s inadequate spending levels on social protection, health and education. Any agreed macroeconomic reforms must reflect and uphold the legal obligations of all parties with regard to economic and social rights, notably in the areas of labour rights and environmental justice, and corporate accountability. We believe that structural reforms to strengthen rule of law, guarantee fair trials, open civic space, uphold the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association and media freedom, and release all those arbitrarily detained, are crucial. Not only would they comply with Egypt’s constitution and international human rights obligations, but they would also address some of the root causes of Egypt’s financial and economic instability. This instability has severely impacted the economic and social rights of millions of people in Egypt, who will ultimately carry the burden of repaying Egypt’s debts, particularly those in vulnerable and marginalised situations. We note that EU regulations require that recipients of macro-financial assistance “adhere to the respect of human rights and effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system and the rule of law,” while the European Council stipulated that a precondition for granting the Union’s macro-financial assistance is that “Egypt continues to make concrete and credible steps towards respecting effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system, and the rule of law, and guaranteeing respect for human rights.” However, what those “concrete and credible steps” should be is not defined in the Commission’s proposal. As the Commission and Egyptian authorities negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) to regulate the disbursement of EU funds to Egypt up to 2027, we urge the European Commission, Council and Parliament to ensure that: 1) The MoUs lay out a roadmap for structural reforms, with public, clear, specific and timebound indicators, targets and benchmarks for Egypt to meet its human rights obligations. 2) Egyptian authorities immediately and unconditionally release all those detained solely for the peaceful exercise of their human rights including the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. 3) Egyptian authorities open civic and political space, by respecting the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, including before, during and after the 2025 parliamentary elections. If these steps are met the EU’s macro-financial assistance will contribute to concrete and lasting progress on human rights and the rule of law in Egypt, which is indispensable to ensure transparency and accountability, end impunity and help prevent the recurrence of economic crises in the country. Failing to set human rights benchmarks would instead be a blank check for further abuses and repression in Egypt. Signatories Amnesty International Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies Committee for Justice Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) Egyptian Front for Human Rights (EFHR) Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF) Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) EgyptWide for Human Rights EuroMed Rights International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) Human Rights Watch Middle East Democracy Center (MEDC) Minority Rights Group Refugees Platform In Egypt (RPE) Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP)Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt and human rights We, the undersigned Egyptian, regional and international human rights organisations, urge the European Commission and member states to uphold international and EU law to ensure that macro-financial assistance to Egypt granted under EU regulations secures concrete, measurable, structural and timebound human rights progress and reforms in the country. Since the 2013 military ousting of former president Mohamed Morsi, Egypt has been ruled with an iron fist. Authorities have brutally and systematically silenced peaceful dissent, nearly wiped-out independent media and civil society, repressed political opposition, adopted and enacted repressive legislation, jailed tens of thousands of actual or perceived critics and severely undermined the independence of the judiciary and of the legal profession. With very little civic, judicial, or parliamentary scrutiny, the authorities have faced virtually no accountability for their repressive policies and actions. In turn, this has contributed to the government’s failure to respect, protect and fulfil people’s social and economic rights, leading to setbacks for those most affected by the recurring economic crises in the country. From February 2024 onwards, Egypt’s donors including the United Arab Emirates, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the United Kingdom and the European Union provided or pledged around 57 billion USD in grants and loans. As part of this process, donors should ensure that the Egyptian authorities pursue and effectively implement reforms that improve respect for human rights alongside greater transparency and accountability. Donors must also ensure that economic and fiscal measures implemented as part of these programs do not contribute to the further erosion of people’s economic and social rights, especially in light of the continuing rise in poverty rates since the adoption of the first IMF program in 2016, as well as the Egyptian government’s inadequate spending levels on social protection, health and education. Any agreed macroeconomic reforms must reflect and uphold the legal obligations of all parties with regard to economic and social rights, notably in the areas of labour rights and environmental justice, and corporate accountability. We believe that structural reforms to strengthen rule of law, guarantee fair trials, open civic space, uphold the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association and media freedom, and release all those arbitrarily detained, are crucial. Not only would they comply with Egypt’s constitution and international human rights obligations, but they would also address some of the root causes of Egypt’s financial and economic instability. This instability has severely impacted the economic and social rights of millions of people in Egypt, who will ultimately carry the burden of repaying Egypt’s debts, particularly those in vulnerable and marginalised situations. We note that EU regulations require that recipients of macro-financial assistance “adhere to the respect of human rights and effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system and the rule of law,” while the European Council stipulated that a precondition for granting the Union’s macro-financial assistance is that “Egypt continues to make concrete and credible steps towards respecting effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system, and the rule of law, and guaranteeing respect for human rights.” However, what those “concrete and credible steps” should be is not defined in the Commission’s proposal. As the Commission and Egyptian authorities negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) to regulate the disbursement of EU funds to Egypt up to 2027, we urge the European Commission, Council and Parliament to ensure that: 1) The MoUs lay out a roadmap for structural reforms, with public, clear, specific and timebound indicators, targets and benchmarks for Egypt to meet its human rights obligations. 2) Egyptian authorities immediately and unconditionally release all those detained solely for the peaceful exercise of their human rights including the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. 3) Egyptian authorities open civic and political space, by respecting the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, including before, during and after the 2025 parliamentary elections. If these steps are met the EU’s macro-financial assistance will contribute to concrete and lasting progress on human rights and the rule of law in Egypt, which is indispensable to ensure transparency and accountability, end impunity and help prevent the recurrence of economic crises in the country. Failing to set human rights benchmarks would instead be a blank check for further abuses and repression in Egypt. Signatories Amnesty International Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies Committee for Justice Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) Egyptian Front for Human Rights (EFHR) Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF) Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) EgyptWide for Human Rights EuroMed Rights International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) Human Rights Watch Middle East Democracy Center (MEDC) Minority Rights Group Refugees Platform In Egypt (RPE) Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP)and human rights

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