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After more than a year and a half in pretrial detention, Supreme State Security Prosecution released journalist Hala Fahmy

Publish Date : Thursday, 28 April, 2022
Last Update : Wednesday, 7 February, 2024
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7 February 2024

The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to release the former TV presenter at Maspero, Hala Fahmy, after being held in pretrial detention for more than a year and a half pending investigations of lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). It is worth noting that during the 12 November session, Fahmy requested to be referred to neurologists and orthopedists, even if at her expense, and the defense submitted a written request to the court to present her to specialist doctors.

Fahmy shared several videos on her Facebook profile sharing her economic views and the Renaissance Dam crisis; following that, Fahmy shared several live videos stating being pursued by unknown individuals; she was arrested a few days after this incident.

Fahmy also suffered from poor detention conditions, as she was banned from outdoor walks, reading, and communicating with others.

Fahmy faces accusations of joining a terrorist group, inciting to commit a crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

24 December  2023

The Criminal Court (Second Criminal and Terrorism Circuit) decided to renew the detention of the former TV presenter at Maspero, Hala Fahmy for an extra 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). It is worth noting that during the previous hearing, Fahmy requested to be referred to neurologists and orthopedists, even if at her expense, and the defense submitted a written request to the court to present her to specialist doctors.

Fahmy shared several videos on her Facebook profile sharing her economic views and the Renaissance Dam crisis; following that, Fahmy shared several live videos stating being pursued by unknown individuals; she was arrested a few days after this incident.

Fahmy also suffered from poor detention conditions, as she was banned from outdoor walks, reading, and communicating with others.

Fahmy faces accusations of joining a terrorist group, inciting to commit a crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

12 November 2023; The Criminal Court renews Hala Fahmy’s detention, and her defense requests that she be referred to two neurologists and orthopedists at her expense

The Criminal Court (Second Criminal and Terrorism Circuit) decided to renew the detention of the former TV presenter at Maspero, Hala Fahmy, for an extra 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

During the session, Fahmy requested that she need to be referred to neurologists and orthopedists, even if at her expense, and the defense submitted a written request to the court to present her to specialist doctors.

Fahmy shared several videos on her Facebook profile sharing her economic views and the Renaissance Dam crisis; following that, Fahmy shared several live videos stating being pursued by unknown individuals; she was arrested a few days after this incident.

Fahmy also suffered from poor detention conditions, as she was banned from outdoor walks, reading, and communicating with others.

Fahmy faces accusations of joining a terrorist group, inciting to commit a crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

2 October 2023: After exceeding a year in pretrial detention; the Criminal Court renews Hala Fahmy’s detention for 45 days

The Criminal Court (First Circuit) decided to renew the detention of the former TV presenter at Maspero, Hala Fahmy, for an extra 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Fahmy’s expression of her political and economic views was the reason for her arrest, as Fahmy posted several videos on her Facebook account on the crisis of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and the Emirati investments in Egypt. Several days later, Fahmy posted a live video stating she was pursued by security forces in civilian clothes. On April 24, the security forces arrested her, and the Prosecution interrogated her on the same day without a lawyer and accused her of joining a terrorist group, inciting to commit a crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

19 August 2023 

The Criminal Court (First Circuit) decided to renew the detention of former TV presenter at Maspero, Hala Fahmy, for extra 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Fahmy’s expression of her political and economic views was the reason for her arrest, as Fahmy posted several videos on her Facebook account on the crisis of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and the Emirati investments in Egypt. Several  days later, Fahmy posted a live video stating she was pursued by security forces in civilian clothes. On April 24, the security forces arrested her, and the Prosecution interrogated her on the same day without a lawyer and accused her of joining a terrorist group, inciting to commit a crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.


After exceeding a year in pretrial detention; Criminal Court renews Hala Fahmy’s detention for 45 days

9 July 2023 

On the 9th of July, Cairo Criminal Court (Second Circuit) decided to renew the detention of the former Tv presenter on the National Media Authority, Hala Fahmy, for another 45 days, pending the investigations of lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Fahmy shared several videos on her Facebook profile sharing her economic views and the Renaissance Dam crisis; following that, Fahmy shared several live videos stating being pursued by unknown individuals; she was arrested a few days after this incident.

Fahmy also suffered from poor detention conditions, as she was banned from outdoor walks, reading, and communicating with others.

Fahmy faces accusations of joining a terrorist group, inciting to commit a crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

24 May 2023 

On May 24, the Criminal Court (First Circuit) decided to renew the detention of TV presenter, Hala Fahmy, for 45 days, pending investigations of lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Fahmy’s arrest included a series of violations against her which included tracking, prosecution, and security and professional surveillance, as she was banned from entering Maspero, her workplace, with deducting half of her salary because she supported her fellow employees’ protests, her house was stormed, and she got arrested several posts on her Facebook profile, in addition to the prosecution interrogated her without her lawyer. 

Fahmy faces accusations of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

11 April 2023 “Criminal Court renews Hala Fahmy’s detention for 45 days” 

On April 11, the Criminal Court (Second Circuit) decided to renew the detention of Tv presenter Hala Fahmy for 45 days, pending investigations of case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

During the hearing, Fahmy reported being subjected to continuous physical and verbal assaults by other prisoners in her prison ward; Hala previously went on a hunger strike for several days in protest against poor treatment inside prison and being deprived of outdoor walks and reading. The Court did not respond to Fahmy’s complaints.

Security forces arrested Fahmy last April 24 against the backdrop of several posts she shared on her Facebook account. As a result; she was accused of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

21 November 2022 “Criminal Court renewed TV presenter Hala Fahmy’s detention after 6 days on a hunger strike” 

On November 21, the Criminal Court (1st Criminal & Terrorism Circuit) deiced to renew the detention of TV presenter Hala Fahmy, for 45 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). 

Fahmy reported to her lawyers that she went on a hunger strike for the second time, which lasted for 6 days before she broke it on the day of her detention hearing. Last May Fahmy went on her first hunger strike that lasted for 3 days due to poor detention conditions  and depriving her of the right to read, exercise, and communicate with others.

 

Hala Fahmy is a senior TV presenter with the rank of general manager at the Egyptian state television. She worked as a broadcaster for a number of Egyptian TV channels, before the National Media Authority decided in February to temporarily suspend her from work and denied access from the Radio and Television building as a form of arbitrariness against her for her solidarity with the protests of Maspero employees back then. 

 

Security forces arrested Fahmy on April 24, right after she posted a live video on Facebook stating that she’s being chased down and mentioned that security force members in civilian clothes stormed her house while she was absent, her arrest came against posting several videos on Facebook. Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, inciting to commit a crime and spreading false news domestically and abroad. 

10 October 2022 “Criminal Court renews Hala Fahmy’s detention for 45 days” 

On October 10, the Criminal Court (2nd Criminal & Terrorism Circuit) decided to renew the detention of former Tv presenter at the National Media Authority, Hala Fahmy, for 45 extra days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security). 

Security forces targeted Fahmy in February against the backdrop of her solidarity with Maspero Staff protests that demanded improving employment conditions, specifically to obtain late financial dues, which led to her being denied access to her workplace and decreasing her salary by half.

And in April, she posted a live video on her Facebook profile stating that anonymous individuals were chasing her down after she posted videos about the Egyptian economy and the crisis of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. 

After her arrest, the Supreme State Security Prosecution confronted Fahmy with the videos she posted, and charged her with joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

31 August 2022 “For the 10th time; Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Tv presenter Hala Fahmy’s detention for 15 days” 

On August 31, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Tv presenter Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Security forces arrested Fahmy on April 24, after she posted a live video on her Facebook profile stating that she was being chased down; she also mentioned that security force members in civilian clothes stormed her house while she was absent, against the backdrop of previously posting videos on Facebook about the Egyptian economy. 

It’s noteworthy that Fahmy was brought before the Supreme State Security Prosecution for the first time without a lawyer. The investigations charged her with joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

17 August 2022 “For the 9th time; The Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Tv presenter Hala Fahmy’s detention for 15 days” 

Yesterday, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Tv presenter Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

The Supreme State Security Prosecution interrogated Fahmy regarding videos on her Facebook profile regarding the Egyptian economy, later; Fahmy posted a live video on her Facebook profile stating that she’s being chased down, few days after this incident she was arrested. 

It’s noteworthy that Fahmy was brought before the Supreme State Security Prosecution for the first time without a lawyer, the prosecution charged her with joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

3 August 2022 

Today, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Tv presenter Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

The Supreme State Security Prosecution interrogated Fahmy regarding videos on her Facebook profile regarding the Egyptian economy, later; Fahmy posted a live video on her Facebook profile stating that she’s being chased down, few days after this incident she was arrested. 

It’s noteworthy that Fahmy was brought before the Supreme State Security Prosecution for the first time without a lawyer, the prosecution charged her with joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

20 July 2022 “The Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Tv presenter Hala Fahmy’s detention for 15 days for the seventh time” 

On July 20, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Tv presenter Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Security forces arrested Fahmy in April, after she posted a live video on her Facebook profile stating that she’s being chased down, she also mentioned that security force members in civilian clothes stormed her house while she was absent, against the backdrop of previously posting videos on Facebook about the Egyptian economy. 

It’s noteworthy that Fahmy was brought before the Supreme State Security Prosecution for the first time without a lawyer, the prosecution charged her with joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

 

6 July 2022 

On July 6, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of former Tv presenter at the National Media Authority Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad, these charges come against the backdrop of sharing videos on her Facebook profile.

 

15 June 2022

Yesterday, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of former Tv presenter at the National Media Authority Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

The prosecution resumed its investigations with Fahmy in a separate session, and confronted her with Information technology management’s report regarding her Facebook account.

Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad, against the backdrop of sharing videos on her Facebook profile.

6 June 2022 For the fourth time; Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Tv presenter Hala Fahmy’s detention for 15 days for sharing videos on Facebook

Yesterday, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of former Tv presenter at the National Media Authority Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with Case No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad, against the backdrop of sharing videos on her Facebook profile.

23 May 2022  Supreme State Security Prosecution renews Tv presenter Hala Fahmy’s

detention for 15 days

On Monday, May 23, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of Tv presenter Hala Fahmy, for 15 days, in connection with lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

The prosecution resumed its investigations with Fahmy in a separate session, and confronted her with a video of the evidences against her, which is one of the videos Fahmy shared on her Facebook profile before her arrest.

Fahmy previously worked as a broadcaster at the National Media Authority until last February and presented several programs aired on Egyptian television. Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

11 May 2022 “Supreme State Security Prosecution resumes investigations with Tv presenter Hala Fahmy”

Yesterday, the Supreme State Security Prosecution resumed another investigation session with Tv presenter Hala Fahmy, in connection with lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

The prosecution confronted Fahmy with a video of the evidences against her, which is one of the videos Fahmy shared on her Facebook profile before her arrest, the prosecution decided to resume the investigations in a later session

Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

9 May 2022 “Supreme State Security Prosecution renews TV Presenter Hala Fahmy’s detention for 15 days”

Yesterday, The Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to renew the detention of TV presenter Hala Fahmy for 15 days, in connection with lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

After renewing Fahmy’s detention, The Supreme State Security Prosecution resumed its investigations in a separate session with Fahmy regarding the posts she shared on her Facebook profile. Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

27 April 2022

Yesterday, The Supreme State Security Prosecution resumed its investigations with broadcaster Hala Fahmy, in connection with lawsuit No. 441 of 2022 (Supreme State Security).

Fahmy previously worked as a broadcaster at the National Media Authority until last February and presented several programs aired on Egyptian television. Fahmy faces charges of joining a terrorist group, incitement to commit a terrorist crime, and spreading false news domestically and abroad.

The prosecution investigated Fahmy for the first time on April 24, without her lawyers, and decided to detain her for 15 days pending investigation.

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Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt and human rights We, the undersigned Egyptian, regional and international human rights organisations, urge the European Commission and member states to uphold international and EU law to ensure that macro-financial assistance to Egypt granted under EU regulations secures concrete, measurable, structural and timebound human rights progress and reforms in the country. Since the 2013 military ousting of former president Mohamed Morsi, Egypt has been ruled with an iron fist. Authorities have brutally and systematically silenced peaceful dissent, nearly wiped-out independent media and civil society, repressed political opposition, adopted and enacted repressive legislation, jailed tens of thousands of actual or perceived critics and severely undermined the independence of the judiciary and of the legal profession. With very little civic, judicial, or parliamentary scrutiny, the authorities have faced virtually no accountability for their repressive policies and actions. In turn, this has contributed to the government’s failure to respect, protect and fulfil people’s social and economic rights, leading to setbacks for those most affected by the recurring economic crises in the country. From February 2024 onwards, Egypt’s donors including the United Arab Emirates, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the United Kingdom and the European Union provided or pledged around 57 billion USD in grants and loans. As part of this process, donors should ensure that the Egyptian authorities pursue and effectively implement reforms that improve respect for human rights alongside greater transparency and accountability. Donors must also ensure that economic and fiscal measures implemented as part of these programs do not contribute to the further erosion of people’s economic and social rights, especially in light of the continuing rise in poverty rates since the adoption of the first IMF program in 2016, as well as the Egyptian government’s inadequate spending levels on social protection, health and education. Any agreed macroeconomic reforms must reflect and uphold the legal obligations of all parties with regard to economic and social rights, notably in the areas of labour rights and environmental justice, and corporate accountability. We believe that structural reforms to strengthen rule of law, guarantee fair trials, open civic space, uphold the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association and media freedom, and release all those arbitrarily detained, are crucial. Not only would they comply with Egypt’s constitution and international human rights obligations, but they would also address some of the root causes of Egypt’s financial and economic instability. This instability has severely impacted the economic and social rights of millions of people in Egypt, who will ultimately carry the burden of repaying Egypt’s debts, particularly those in vulnerable and marginalised situations. We note that EU regulations require that recipients of macro-financial assistance “adhere to the respect of human rights and effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system and the rule of law,” while the European Council stipulated that a precondition for granting the Union’s macro-financial assistance is that “Egypt continues to make concrete and credible steps towards respecting effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system, and the rule of law, and guaranteeing respect for human rights.” However, what those “concrete and credible steps” should be is not defined in the Commission’s proposal. As the Commission and Egyptian authorities negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) to regulate the disbursement of EU funds to Egypt up to 2027, we urge the European Commission, Council and Parliament to ensure that: 1) The MoUs lay out a roadmap for structural reforms, with public, clear, specific and timebound indicators, targets and benchmarks for Egypt to meet its human rights obligations. 2) Egyptian authorities immediately and unconditionally release all those detained solely for the peaceful exercise of their human rights including the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. 3) Egyptian authorities open civic and political space, by respecting the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, including before, during and after the 2025 parliamentary elections. If these steps are met the EU’s macro-financial assistance will contribute to concrete and lasting progress on human rights and the rule of law in Egypt, which is indispensable to ensure transparency and accountability, end impunity and help prevent the recurrence of economic crises in the country. Failing to set human rights benchmarks would instead be a blank check for further abuses and repression in Egypt. Signatories Amnesty International Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies Committee for Justice Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) Egyptian Front for Human Rights (EFHR) Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF) Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) EgyptWide for Human Rights EuroMed Rights International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) Human Rights Watch Middle East Democracy Center (MEDC) Minority Rights Group Refugees Platform In Egypt (RPE) Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP)Joint NGO letter on the EU’s macro-financial assistance to Egypt and human rights We, the undersigned Egyptian, regional and international human rights organisations, urge the European Commission and member states to uphold international and EU law to ensure that macro-financial assistance to Egypt granted under EU regulations secures concrete, measurable, structural and timebound human rights progress and reforms in the country. Since the 2013 military ousting of former president Mohamed Morsi, Egypt has been ruled with an iron fist. Authorities have brutally and systematically silenced peaceful dissent, nearly wiped-out independent media and civil society, repressed political opposition, adopted and enacted repressive legislation, jailed tens of thousands of actual or perceived critics and severely undermined the independence of the judiciary and of the legal profession. With very little civic, judicial, or parliamentary scrutiny, the authorities have faced virtually no accountability for their repressive policies and actions. In turn, this has contributed to the government’s failure to respect, protect and fulfil people’s social and economic rights, leading to setbacks for those most affected by the recurring economic crises in the country. From February 2024 onwards, Egypt’s donors including the United Arab Emirates, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the United Kingdom and the European Union provided or pledged around 57 billion USD in grants and loans. As part of this process, donors should ensure that the Egyptian authorities pursue and effectively implement reforms that improve respect for human rights alongside greater transparency and accountability. Donors must also ensure that economic and fiscal measures implemented as part of these programs do not contribute to the further erosion of people’s economic and social rights, especially in light of the continuing rise in poverty rates since the adoption of the first IMF program in 2016, as well as the Egyptian government’s inadequate spending levels on social protection, health and education. Any agreed macroeconomic reforms must reflect and uphold the legal obligations of all parties with regard to economic and social rights, notably in the areas of labour rights and environmental justice, and corporate accountability. We believe that structural reforms to strengthen rule of law, guarantee fair trials, open civic space, uphold the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association and media freedom, and release all those arbitrarily detained, are crucial. Not only would they comply with Egypt’s constitution and international human rights obligations, but they would also address some of the root causes of Egypt’s financial and economic instability. This instability has severely impacted the economic and social rights of millions of people in Egypt, who will ultimately carry the burden of repaying Egypt’s debts, particularly those in vulnerable and marginalised situations. We note that EU regulations require that recipients of macro-financial assistance “adhere to the respect of human rights and effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system and the rule of law,” while the European Council stipulated that a precondition for granting the Union’s macro-financial assistance is that “Egypt continues to make concrete and credible steps towards respecting effective democratic mechanisms, including a multi-party parliamentary system, and the rule of law, and guaranteeing respect for human rights.” However, what those “concrete and credible steps” should be is not defined in the Commission’s proposal. As the Commission and Egyptian authorities negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) to regulate the disbursement of EU funds to Egypt up to 2027, we urge the European Commission, Council and Parliament to ensure that: 1) The MoUs lay out a roadmap for structural reforms, with public, clear, specific and timebound indicators, targets and benchmarks for Egypt to meet its human rights obligations. 2) Egyptian authorities immediately and unconditionally release all those detained solely for the peaceful exercise of their human rights including the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. 3) Egyptian authorities open civic and political space, by respecting the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, including before, during and after the 2025 parliamentary elections. If these steps are met the EU’s macro-financial assistance will contribute to concrete and lasting progress on human rights and the rule of law in Egypt, which is indispensable to ensure transparency and accountability, end impunity and help prevent the recurrence of economic crises in the country. Failing to set human rights benchmarks would instead be a blank check for further abuses and repression in Egypt. Signatories Amnesty International Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE) Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies Committee for Justice Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) Egyptian Front for Human Rights (EFHR) Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF) Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) EgyptWide for Human Rights EuroMed Rights International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) Human Rights Watch Middle East Democracy Center (MEDC) Minority Rights Group Refugees Platform In Egypt (RPE) Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP)and human rights

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