Pretrial Detention List

Date : Sunday, 2 January, 2022
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During the past seven years, the Egyptian judicial authorities, and in particular the Supreme State Security Prosecution, have used pretrial detention as a tool to harass opponents of the current political system at the hands of the security services, regardless of their orientation.

This pattern of violation is no longer restricted to political activists, journalists, or those interested in political or public work, but it has become the main tool for intimidating the wider public in an attempt to promote self-censorship among citizens and prevent them from expressing their opinions on any subject, specially if it contradicts the official narratives of the government, especially in the realms of social media, which has become the only outlet for citizens to express their opinions in light of the crackdown on all outlets in fear of an inevitable imprisonment without being convicted or even any legal evidence of violating the laws.

This pattern of violations is a clear breach of the purpose of pretrial detention, which is stipulated in the Criminal Code of Procedure as well as the regulations governing its use and its alternatives. Instead of legitimately applying precautionary detention as a precautionary measure to stand guard of investigations or the course of the trial, especially in cases where it is feared that the defendant may use leverage or authority to influence the investigation or trial, such as tampering with evidence, it is used as a punitive measure.

The Criminal Procedure Code also gave the judicial authorities several alternatives to pretrial detention, which are stipulated in Article 201 of the law; such as obliging the defendant not to leave his home or domicile, or to present himself to the police headquarters at specific times, or to be prohibited from going to specific places. Whereas, in the event that the defendant violates any of these alternatives, the same law allows the judicial authorities to re-imprison him. Those alternatives established by the law also indicate the legislator’s keenness to use pretrial detention in a restrictive manner, when there is fear of the defendant’s serious ability to tamper with the progress of investigations or trial.

However, as we mentioned earlier, the judicial and security devices have sidestepped pretrial detention to use it for purposes irrelevant to the reasons behind its legalization. Furthermore, the authorities circumvent the law which does not permit the continued pretrial detention for more than two years pending the same case, as then the judicial authorities are required to release defendants immediately. To counter that, the authorities re-investigated defendants directly after their release and imprison them again pending a new case. So that while the decision is being issued to release the defendants in cases where their imprisonment had exceeded two years and the procedures are being finalized, the security forces take them to unknown areas without disclosing any official information, only for them to appear later before the State Security Prosecution pending a new case with the same accusations from which he was released in the older case, which is commonly known now as “recycling”.

The majority of those arrested for expressing their opinions are accused of the same charges, even those who are rotated into new cases, are re-accused with the same chargess from which they were released; joining a terrorist group, publishing false news and statements, and using an account on one of the social media accounts with the aim of committing another crime, without any evidence of those accusations being provided. The State Security Prosecution relies only on investigations carried out by the National Security Agency to prove such allegations.

The use of pre-trial detention in this repressive form has significantly intensified during the past seven years to the extent of stirring several factions to address it as one of the most important violations facing freedom of expression in Egypt, which prompted the National Council for Human Rights to issue a statement[1] in mid-April 2017 in which it called on the Egyptian authorities “to find a solution to this problem in particular, as a person may be remanded in custody, and after a long period of imprisonment, and then he is found out to be innocent, and thus he has been punished for a crime he did not commit.”

In addition to that, 31 countries issued a statement[2] on the sidelines of the 46th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in March 2021, calling on the Egyptian government to “stop the excessive use of pretrial detention,” as it noted the expansion of pretrial detention procedures, and the inclusion of detainees in new cases on similar charges after the expiration of the legal period for their pretrial detention.

It can be said that the national strategy for human rights initiated by the Egyptian government under the auspices of President Abdel Fattah ElSisi means that the government recognizes that there is a real problem with regard to pretrial detention, which calls for reinforcing the guarantees pertaining to the regulations of pretrial detention and the periods stipulated for it in national laws.

AFTE welcomes any step, even a simple one, in order to stop the systematic violations carried out by the Egyptian authorities against citizens for expressing their opinions, a right guaranteed to them by the Egyptian Constitution and all the international treaties that Egypt has ratified. It monitors the executive measures taken by the government. In order to achieve what it committed itself to in this strategy, which has not shown any signs so far, despite the ease of many procedures to implement many of those decisions, especially the immediate release of thousands of citizens, including journalists, academics, creatives, and citizens from all walks of life whose only crime was expressing their opinions on social media.

AFTE, which provides legal support to victims of freedom of expression, especially those who are subjected to pretrial detention, presents to the competent authorities, whether those implementing the national strategy for human rights or the judicial authorities, a list of citizens who are undergoing pretrial detention as a means of punishment for expressing their opinions, as an example for thousands of citizens who are subjected to this violation on a regular basis, hoping for their release or using any alternatives to pretrial detention stipulated in the law.

مNameJobTargeting FileDate of arrestDate of first presentation to the prosecutionCase NumberAccusationsNumber of Case-rotationDuration of arrest
1Amer AbdelMonem AhmedJournalist and editor-in-chief of Al-Shaab newspaperFreedom of press18 December 202020 December 2020Case 1017/ 2020 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group – using a social media account to spread false news01Year
2Rabee Mohamed AbdelWahed “Rabee ElSheikh”Al Jazeera journalistFreedom of press1 August 20211 August 2021Case 1365/ 2018 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group, participating in financing the activities of that group and spreading false news and statements05 Months
3Sayed Mohamed AbdellahReporterFreedom of press22 September 201925 September 2019Case 1338/2019 (Supreme State Security)joining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and using social media account for the purpose of carrying out a second crime02 years and 3 months
4Tawfeek AbdelWahed IbrahimRetired journalist and broadcasterFreedom of press21 May 202126 May 2021Case 238/2021 (Supreme State Security)Joining a prohibited group, spreading false news and misusing a social network to commit a crime07 months
5Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed AllamJournalist at Al Karama newspaper and former TV producerFreedom of press25 April 202027 April 2020Case 558/2020 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and using a means of social media to carry out a second crime01 year and 8 months
6Mohamed Radwan Mohamed Ibrahim (oxygen)Journalist and blogger of “Oxygen Egypt” blogFreedom of press21 September 201911 November 2020Case 855/2020 State SecurityJoining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, misusig social networking sites22 years and 3 months
7Khaled Helmi GhoneimBroadcaster on Misr Al-Hayat channelFreedom of press13 April 202028 April 2020Case 558/2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, spreading false news aimed at terrorizing society, and misusing social media0One year and 8 months
8Hamdi Mokhtar Ali “AlZaeem”(leader)PhotojournalistFreedom of press4 Jan 202116 Jan 2021Case 955/2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, spreading false news, and using an internet account with the aim of spreading false news011 months
9Mostfa AlkhateebTranslator for the Associated Press.Freedom of press13 October 201914 October 2019Case 488/2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, spreading false news02 years, 2 months
10Ahmed AlTohami AbdelHayResearcher in comparative politics and international relationsAcademic FreedomJune 3, 2020June 20, 2020Case 649/2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and misusing social media01 year, 6 months
11Mohamed Magdi Ali Hamed KorkorProfessor and Head of the Department of Environmental Planning and Infrastructure, Faculty of Urban Planning, Cairo UniversityAcademic Freedom23 September 20195 October 2019Case 1350/2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group02 years, 3 months
12Mostafa GamalGraphic DesignerCreative Freedom1 March 201819 January 2021Case 65/2021 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group and spreading false news23 years, 8 months
13Galal AbdelFattah AlbeheriyPoetCreative Freedom3 March 20185 September 2021Case 2000 /2021 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and insulting the President of the Republic13 years, 8 months
14Mootaz Abdel WahabDirectorCreative Freedom5 May 202018 October 2020Case 855 /2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, publishing false news1A year, 7 months
15Amr Nohan Nabeeh YoussefLawyerHuman Rights Defenders10 June 201913 June 2019Case 741 /2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group02 years, 5 months
16Mohamed Hassan AlBakerExecutive Director of the Adalah Center for Rights and FreedomsHuman Rights Defender29 September 201929 September 2019Case 1356 /2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, publishing false news and misuing social media12 years, 3 months
17Mohamed Ramadan AbdelBasetLawyerHuman Rights Defenders10 December 201811 December 2018Case 16576/2018 Montza First Administrative CourtJoining a terrorist group – Promoting its purposes using publications – Spreading false news23 years
18Mohamed Salah AbdelAzizJournalistHuman Rights Defenders29 Nov 201930 Nov 2019Case 488/2019Joining and financing a terrorist group and spreading false news12 years, a month
19Ahmed Khaled ElToukhyMasscommunication Student at AlAzhar UniversityStudent Freedom26 September 202019 June 2021Case 955/2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group with the knowledge of its purposes, publishing false news that may harm security and public order, using an account on “Facebook” for the purpose of publishing false news1A year, 3 months
20Kholoud Said Mohamed Ibrahim AmerHead of the Translation Department at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina Publishing Department – translator and researcherDigital Rights21 April 202028 April 2020Case 1017 /2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group and deliberately spreading false news and using social media accounts on for the purpose of crime1A year, 7 months
21Naglaa Fathi FouadParty coordinatorDigital Rights14 June 202018 June 2020Case 535/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityBelonging to a terrorist group, deliberately spreading false news, and misuse of social media1A year, 5 months
22Mostafa Mohamed SafwatSocial worker – former treasurer of the Wafd PartyDigital Rights4 January 20219 January 2021Case 1017/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityBelonging to a banned group and spreading false news011 months
23Hossam Shaaban AhmedSurgeonDigital Rights15 May 20211 June 2021Case 910 /2021 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group and spreading false news07 months
24Moataz Muhammad Al-Sayed Hasab Al-NabiLawyerDigital Rights12 July 202113 July 2021Case 965 /2021 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group and spreading false news on Facebook to incite people06 months
25Alaa AbdelFattahProgrammerDigital Rights29 September 201929 September 2019Case 1356/2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, spreading false news and misusing social media12 years, 3 months
26Sherif Ali Muhammad Ali Al-RubiFormer spokesperson for April 6th movementDigital Rights9 December 20209 December 2020Case 1111 / 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group and spreading false news1A year
27Mohamed El-Sayed Mohamed Abu SamraUndeterminedDigital Rights30 December 201912 January 2020Case 1956 / 2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and using a website with the intention of committing a crime02 years
28Marwa Ashraf ArafaTranslatorDigital Rights20 April 20204 May 2020Case 570/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes, and financing terrorism0A year, 7 months
29Reda Abdul Rahman AliTeacher at an Azhar Institute – Quranic bloggerDigital Rights22 August 20206 October 2020Case 3418 / 2020 Emergency misdemeanors State SecurityJoining the terrorist group ISIS, adopting takfiri ideolgy, and promoting them0A year, 4 months
30Abdul Rahman Mohsen MuhammedstudentDigital RightsJune 202019 July 2020Case 751/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining the “White Knights”1A year, 6 months
31Mohamed Fathi Abdel MomenUndeterminedDigital RightsJune 202019 July 2020Case 751/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining the “White Knights”1A year, 6 months
32Ayman Abdel Hamid NasrUndeterminedDigital RightsJune 202019 July 2020Case 751 /2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining the “White Knights”0A year, 6 months
33Moataz Medhat MahmoudUndeterminedDigital RightsJune 202019 July 2020Case 751/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining the “White Knights”0A year, 6 months
34Sameh Ramadan Mohamed SeoudiMember of Karama (Dignity)PartyDigital Rights27 September 201910 November 2020Case 855 / 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group3Two years, 3 months
35Ramy Nabeel ShaathCo-Founder of BDS movementDigital Rights5 July 20196 July 2019Case 930 / 2019 Supreme State Security , the case is commonly Known as the “Hope Coalition”Joining a terrorist group, or helping a terrorist group achieve its goals, financing terrorism, and spreading false news02 years, 5 months
36Hamed Seddik Sayed MekkiLawyerDigital Rights23 September 201929 September 2019Case 1356/2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, spreading false news and misusing social media02 years, 3 months
37Waleed Ahmed ShawkiDentistDigital Rights14 October 20186 October 2020Case 880/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group13 years, 2 months
38Ayman AbdelMoati AbdelRasoulResearcher, proofreader, director of advertising and marketing for Dar Al Maraya Publishing and Distribution, and owner of the blog “Write so that you are not alone”Digital rights18 October 201821 October 2021Case 880/2020 Supreme State SecurityBelonging to a terrorist group, participating in an illegal assembly, spreading false news, and using a social networking site for this purpose23 years, 2 months
39Hassan Mostafa AbdelFatahBookshop ownerDigital rights11 December 201925 December 2019Case 1898/2019 Supreme State SecurityPromoting a terrorist group, spreading false news, and misusing social media02 years
40Ahmed Hassanien Mohamed MousaUndeterminedDigital rights1 October 201918 November 2019Case 1475/2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, committing a financing crime, publishing false news, and misusing a social networking sites02 years, 2 months
41Ahmed Mahed Ezzat known as RigoOwner of a sound recording studioCreative Freedom4 May 202011 May 2020Case 586/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes and spreading false news0A year, 7 months
42Mohamed Mamdouh AbdelHaleemUndeterminedDigital rights1 October 201918 November 2020Case 855 /2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, broadcasting false news, and misusing social media12 years, a month
43Belal AbdelRazzek Abdel MaqsoudUndeterminedDigital rights1 March 20191 March 2019Case 488 /2019 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group and promoting its purposes, spreading false news, misusing means of communication to achieve this purpose02 years, 8 months
44Mohamed Abdellah MekhamiarUndeterminedDigital rightsFirst week of January 2020February 2020Case 1956/2019 Supreme State Security‎Joining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and misusing social media0A year, 11 months
45Noureldin Eid ShakerUndeterminedDigital rights23 June 202022 July 2020Case 65 /2021 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, publishing false news, and using a social media site for that purpose.1A year, 6 months
46Muhammad Safani Qubeisi MurzaqUndeterminedDigital rights13 December 202020 January 2021Case 65 /2021 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, publishing false news, and using social media for that purpose.1A year
47Hussein Ali HusseinUndeterminedDigital rightsUndetermined20 January 2021Case 65/2021 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, publishing false news, and using a social media site for that purpose111 months
48Ahmed Mohamed Abu KhalilFounder of Rawat FoundationDigital rights3 June 202013 June 2020Case 558/ 2020 Supreme State SecurityJoining a terrorist group, misusing social media, and spreading false news.0A year and 6 months
49Mohamed Mahmoud Amer Abdel AzizUndeterminedUndetermined15 October 202130 November 2021Case 1984/2021 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group02 months
50Alaa EssamUndeterminedDigital rights28 June 201929 June 2019Case 930 /2019 Supreme State Security & commonly known as the “Hope Coalition case”Joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes and spreading false news0A year and 6 months
51Mohamed Galal Zidan FaragStudentDigital rights9 October 201911 October 2019Case 488/2019 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group and spreading and broadcasting false news02 years, 2 months
52Ahmed Yousry GhalyUndeterminedDigital rights25 August 202027 August 2020Case 855 /2020 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group and broadcasting false news0A year, three months
53Yasser Essam OthmanShop workerDigital rights7 June 202020 June 2020Case 1116 /2020 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group and broadcasting false news06 months
54Mostafa Ali SabraShop workerUndetermined20 September 202025 September 2020Case 960/2020 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group and broadcasting false news0A year, 3 months
55Ahmed Badwy AbdelHameedEngineerDigital rights21 April 201930 April 2019Case 674/2019 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group and broadcasting false news02 years,8 months
56Waleed Gaber Mohamed HasanUndeterminedDigital rights5 November 20217 November 2021Case 2207/2021 (Supreme State Security)Joining a terrorist group and broadcasting false news0A month


[1] Wael Ali, "National Human Rights Committee" demands a review of the "period of pretrial detention." Al-Masry Al-Youm newspaper website. Posted on April 26, 2017. Last visit December 20, 2021, https://bit.ly/3fe595U

[2] 31 countries condemn the violation of freedoms in Egypt before the Human Rights Council. (DW) site in Arabic. Posted on March 12, 2021. Last visit: December 20, 2021, https://bit.ly/3ssxedz
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