معنية برصد انتهاكات حقوق التعبير في حق الأفراد و المؤسسات.

For periods up to more than two years, in some cases, six creators have been detained because of exercising their right to freedom of creativity. The accusations against detained creators are summarized in: belonging to a terrorist group, promoting its ideas, spreading false news and information, and the disclosure of military secrets. These are unsubstantiated accusations that are not based on serious evidence or investigations, so it is easy to charge anyone exercising their inherent right to freedom of creativity with such accusations. AFTE calls for the immediate release of creators who were detained because of exercising their right to freedom of creativity, especially in light of the outbreak of the “Covid-19” epidemic and the danger it poses to the lives of prisoners.

Motaaz Abd Al-Wahab

A movie producer. He established One Team Productions company, in 2010, specialized in making documentaries, short films, movies, TV visual reports. The company produced several films, most notably, When We’re Born – Lamma Bnetweled- which won the Best Movie award in the forty-sixth session of the Cairo Film Society’ festival. And also, Sayed Hegab in 2010, Altayeb: a Homeland Autobiography in 2012, and The Heart of Cairo City in 2020. He previously worked as production manager at Al Ahram Agency For Advertising and Orbit TV.
On May 5, 2020, the police forces arrested Abd Al-Wahab from his company office in Degal Al Maady district, Cairo. He was brought before the State Security Prosecution, in Fifth Settlement, for the first time on May 11. The prosecution charged him with joining a terrorist group and broadcasting false news, and ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in the lawsuit No. 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.
Abd Al-Wahab’s arrest is likely because of participating in producing a film on Covid-19 situation in Egypt, for a non-Egyptian TV.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: May 5, 2020.

Legal Status: Pretrial Detention.

Lawsuit Number: 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Mostafa Gamal Kamel

On March 1, 2018, the police forces arrested Kamal from his home in 6th October, Giza. However, he was not presented to the State Security Prosecution until March 4th.
The State Security Prosecution charged Kamal, the graphic designer, with joining a terrorist group and spreading false news, and ordered his detention, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 480/2018 Supreme State Security. AKA: Balaha Song case.
Balaha Song case came after the singer Ramy Essam posted a video clip titled Balaha, which criticizes the current president, Al-Sisi. The case included 7 defendants, The prosecution released 5 of them at different times. Kamal is the last defendant still in custody after the death of his fellow Shady Habash in the jail on May 2, 2020. By March 5, 2020, Kamal has exceeded two years of pretrial detention, the maximum period of pretrial detention, which requires the public prosecution to order his release, according to the law.

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Arrest Date: March 1, 2018.

Legal Status: Pretrial Detention, Exceeded the maximum legal detention period.

Lawsuit Number: 480/2018 Supreme State Security.

Khaled Lotfy

Lotfy is the director and founder of Tanmia, the bookstore and publishing house.
He was arrested in April 2018 on accusations of revealing military secrets and spreading rumors. In October 2018, the Military Court issued the first instance verdict that sentenced Lotfy to 5 years in prison, and in February 2019, the decision was upheld. Later, on December 24, 2019, the Military Court of Cassation rejected Lotfy’s final appeal against his five-year prison sentence.
The case goes back to September 2017, when a police force of Art Works stormed Tanmia publishing house and arrested one of its workers, under the pretext of publishing and distributing a book in violation of the publishing standards. Aftermath, Tanmiea’s officials destroyed 2,000 copies, the entire printed copies of the book at issue. In December 2017, the incident was referred to the Military Court, instead of the Economic Court that has jurisdiction on settling disputes of intellectual property and infringing the publishing standards, following the law. Later on, the Military Prosecutor summoned the publisher, Khaled Lotfy, to investigate the incident and ordered his detention.
Lotfy republished the book “The Angel, the Egyptian Spy who saved Israel” about Ashraf Marwan, the son-in-law of the former President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

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Arrest Date: April 2018.

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 5 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 1298/2018 Misdemeanor Military of North.

Shady Abo-Zaied

Abo-Zaied is one of the most prominent satirical content creators, and he also worked as a correspondent for an entertaining TV show, Abla Fahita.

On May 6, 2018, the security forces arrested Abo-Zaied from his home. Then he was brought before the public prosecution for interrogation and detained, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 621/2018 Exclusive Supreme State Security. He faced charges of publishing false news and joining an illegally established group.

On February 4, 2020, the Criminal Court of Giza ordered Shady’s release under precautionary measures. However, the Supreme State Security Prosecution ordered his detention pending investigations on a new lawsuit No. 1956/2019 Exclusive Supreme State Security. He was brought before the State Security Prosecution on charges of the involvement with a terrorist group knowing its purposes.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: May 6, 2018.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1956/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Mohamad Hawas

Hawas, the owner of Daad publishing house, was arrested after publishing a collection of poetry entitled “The Earth’s Best Women” written by the poet Jalal Al-Behairi.

Hawas was detained after he faced charges of possessing publications that include false news and rumors, and associating with the first defendant in insulting the Egyptian Army by printing this collection. On July 31, 2018, the Military Court sentenced him to 3 years imprisonment and a fine of 10000 EGP.

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Arrest Date: March 3, 2018.

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 3 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 4/2018 Administrative Misdemeanor Military Prosecutor.

Jalal Al-Behairi

On March 3, 2018, the Cairo Airport’s security forces arrested the Egyptian poet, Jalal Al-Behairi, after he arrived from abroad. He was brought before the State Security Prosecution for investigations in lawsuit No. 480/2018 Supreme State Security, AKA: Balha Song Case. Al-Behairi faced charges of joining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and insulting the President of the Republic. The prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigation. Then, on April 17, 2019, he was released under precautionary measures, and, eventually,  the State Security Prosecution lifted these measures on February 24, 2020.

On the other hand, the Military Prosecution initiated another investigation with Al-Behairi, on the next day of the arrest, because of writing a collection of poetry entitled “The Earth’s Best Women”, which included Balah Song. The prosecution ordered his detention on charges of spreading false news and rumors on the Egyptian Armed Forces and insulting the Egyptian Army via publishing a book includes insults to the Egyptian Army, in lawsuit No. 4/2018 Administrative Misdemeanor Military Prosecutor.

On July 31, 2018, the Military Court sentenced him to 3 years imprisonment and a fine of 10000 EGP. Then, the Court of Cassation repealed the fine while maintaining the sentence in prison.

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Arrest Date: March 3, 2018.

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 3 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 4/2018 Administrative Misdemeanor Military Prosecutor.

For periods up to more than two years, in some cases, twenty one journalists have been detained because of practicing their profession, the essence of which is revealing facts and free expression of opinion. The accusations against detained journalists are summarized in: belonging to a terrorist group, promoting its ideas, and spreading false news and information. These are unsubstantiated accusations that are not based on serious evidence or investigations, so it is easy to charge anyone exercising their inherent right to freedom of expression with such accusations. AFTE calls for the immediate release of journalists who were detained because of practicing their profession, especially in light of the outbreak of the “Covid-19” epidemic and the danger it poses to the lives of prisoners.

Sameh Haneen

A journalist and a documentary filmmaker. He was the editor of the Coptic Issues section in Al-Badeel newspaper, before its closure. Also, in 2013, he founded the Qoll website for publishing opinion pieces, before its shut down years after. In addition to establishing a production company for documentaries which participated in producing (The Pope’s Life) film on the former Pope of Alexandria life, Pope Shenouda.

On May 15, 2020, the police forces arrested Haneen from his home. On the next day, He was brought before the State Security Prosecution on charges of involving with a terrorist group knowing its purposes, misusing Social Media Networks, and disseminating false news. The prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: May 15, 2020.

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Haitham Hasan Mahgoub

A journalist in Al-Masry Al-Youm newspaper.
On May 11, 2020, the police forces arrested Mahgoub from his home in Dar-Alsalam district, Cairo. On the next day, he was brought before the State Security Prosecution on charges of joining a terrorist group, publishing false news, and committing a terrorist crime. The prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.
Mahgoub’s prosecution is likely because he participated in preparing a video report, on Covid-19 situation in Egypt, for one of non-Egyptian TV channels. However, he denies it.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: May 11, 2020.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Ahmad Mohammad Ahmad Allam

A journalist and TV programs editor, worked for several Egyptian and Arab newspapers and TV channels such as, CBC, Al-Mayadeen, Al-Masry Al-youm, Assafir. He works now for Al-Karama newspaper.
On April 25, 2020, the police forces arrested Allam after storming his family home in Al-Ayyat, Giza. Allam’s whereabouts were unknown until he appeared before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement district. Allam is facing several charges, including Joining a terrorist group, spreading false news using Social Media Networks. The prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 558/2020 Exclusive State Security.
Allam’s prosecution is likely because he participated in preparing a video report, on Covid-19 situation in Egypt, for one of non-Egyptian TV channels.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: April 25, 2020.

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:558/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Mostafa Sakr

An economic journalist. He founded the Business News company in 2008, Which owns Al Borsa, an Arabic-language financial newspaper and the Daily News Egypt, an English-language newspaper. Sakr was also the editor-in-chief of Al Borsa newspaper from its establishment in 2008 until February 2017.
On April 12, 2020, the security forces arrested Mostafa Sakr after storming into his home. They took Sakr to one of the National Security headquarters. On the same day, they moved him to the Supreme State Security Prosecution in Fifth Settlement. The prosecution has charged him with several charges, including joining a terrorist group, but AFTE couldn’t verify the other charges yet. Sakr has been detained for 15 days, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 1530 Exclusive State Security.
This arrest is not the first action against Sakr by the Egyptian authorities. On December 5, 2016, the Committee of the Seizure and Managing Muslim Brotherhood’s funds issued a seizure decision from Cairo Court of Urgent Matters, carrying No. 231. The ruling ordered to seize the assets, bank accounts, and properties of Mostafa Mokhtar Mohamad Sakr, the manager of the Business News company, and others, under the pretext that they belong to the Muslim Brotherhood.
Moreover, The Egyptian authorities blocked AlBorsa’s and Daily News Egypt’s websites during the mass blocking measures launched by the government on May 28, 2017. Later on, The committee of the seizure and managing Muslim Brotherhood’s funds has entrusted the management of AlBorsa and Daily News Egypt newspapers to Akhbar Al-Youm institution.

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Arrest Date: April 12, 2020.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1530 Exclusive State Security.

Ahmad Shaker

A journalist in Rosalyousef newspaper.
On the early morning of November 28, 2019, the security forces arrested Shaker from his home in Qalyubia governorate. Then, he was brought before the State Security Prosecution, on November 30, to face charges of joining a terrorist group and publishing false news, in lawsuit N. 488/2019 State Security.

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Arrest Date: November 28, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations

Lawsuit Number: 488/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Hossam Al-Sayyad

A photojournalist, worked for several news websites, especially Al-Badil, besides publishing some reports on Mada Masr.
On November 26, 2019, the National Security forces arrested Al-Sayyad while he was at a cafe, in Giza, with his wife, the journalist Solafa Magdy, and a friend of them, Muhamad Salah. On the Next day, he was brought before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement district, to face several charges including joining a terrorist group, in lawsuit No. 488/2019 Exclusive State Security.

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Arrest Date:November 29, 2019.

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:488/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Solafa Magdy

A freelance journalist, has several video reports on BBC, DW, Daily News Egypt, and Mada Masr. She also founded Everyday Footage in 2017, the first school in Egypt to teach mobile journalism to journalists, researchers, and those interested in documentation. In 2019, Solafa was chosen for the Reham Al-Farra fellowship, to be the only Arab journalist among the 15 selected journalists around the world, to cover the General Assembly of the United Nations.
On November 26, 2019, the National Security forces arrested Magdy while she was at a cafe, in Giza, with her husband, the journalist Hossam Al-Sayyad, and a friend of them, Muhamad Salah. On the Next day, she was brought before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement district, to face several charges including joining a terrorist group and disseminating false news, in lawsuit No. 488/2019 Exclusive State Security. Magdy mentioned during the prosecution interrogation that she was tortured, beaten, humiliated, and her car and mobile phone seized.

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Arrest Date: November 29, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 488/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Mostafa Al-Khateeb

A translator in Associated Press.
He was arrested from his home on October 13, 2019. The next day, Al-Khateeb was brought before the State Security Prosecution to face charges of joining a terrorist group and publishing false news, in the lawsuit No. 488/2019 State Security. Al-Khatib’s arrest is likely because of a report published by the Associated Press on the arrest of British students, who are in Egypt for academic purposes, coinciding with the authorities’ security measures to suppress demonstrations, the Egyptian contractor Mohamed Ali called for, against Al-Sisi’s regime.

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Arrest Date: October 13, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 488/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Muhamad Radwan Muhamad Ebrahim

A journalist and a blogger of Oxygen Masr blog, which covers Egyptian issues.
On September 21, 2019, Ebrahim disappeared from El-Basateen police station After presenting himself in, to fulfil his probation under precautionary measures, in lawsuit No. 621 / 2018. In which before, he was in custody, pending investigation from April 7, 2018, until the prosecution ordered his release on July 22, 2019.
The police station denied Ebrahim’s existence inside the station. And after 18 days of enforced disappearance, Ebrahim was brought before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement district, to face charges of misusing the online social networks in lawsuit No. 1365/2018 Supreme State Security. Ebrahim’s arrest followed his work on covering demonstrations against Al-Sisi’s regime.

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Arrest Date: September 21, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1365/2018 Exclusive State Security.

Hasan Al-Kabbani

On September 17, 2019, the National Security Sector summoned Al-Kabbani to its headquarter in Al-Shaikh Zaied district and arrested him. After presenting himself to the 6th October police station as part of his probation under precautionary measures regarding a previous arrest. However, the Ministry of Interior had denied the arrest incident until he appeared before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement, on November 26, 2019. He is facing charges of joining an illegal group, funding terrorist crimes, and disseminating false information using a personal account on Social Media Networks, in lawsuit No. 1480/2019 Exclusive State Security.
It is worth mentioning that, previously, on November 21, 2017, the Criminal Court of Cairo ordered Al-Kabbani release under precautionary measures after three years of detention, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 718/2015. He was facing charges of espionage, damaging Egypt’s standing abroad, joining an illegal group, and disseminating false information to disturb public security and peace.

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Arrest Date: September 17, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1480/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Abd-Alrahman Awad Abd-Alsalam

A freelance journalist.
On January 2, 2019, the security forces arrested Abd-Alsalam with his colleague Muhamad Jebreel, after recording an interview with the former parliament member, Muhamad Anwar Al-Sadat. The Ministry of Interior had denied the arrest until he appeared before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement, on January 13, 2019. Abd-Alsalam is facing charges of joining a terrorist group and publishing false news, in lawsuit No. 1365/2018 Supreme State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: January 2, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1365/2018 Exclusive State Security.

Muhamad Mesbah Jebreel

A freelance journalist.
On January 2, 2019, the security forces arrested Jebreel with his colleague Abd-Alrahman Awad, after recording an interview with the former parliament member, Muhamad Anwar Al-Sadat. The Ministry of Interior had denied the arrest until he appeared before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement, on January 13, 2019. Jebreel is facing charges of joining a terrorist group and publishing false news, in lawsuit No. 1365/2018 Supreme State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: January 2, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1365/2018 Exclusive State Security.

Moataz Wadnan

A journalist worked for Huffington Post Arabic as an editor before detention and also worked for several Egyptian newspapers such as Ahl Masr and Baladna Alyoum.
On February 16, 2018, the police forces arrested Wadnan and a number of his relatives, after stopping the taxi they were riding on the Ring Road in the Giza governorate. A few hours later, his relatives were released, but Wadnan was brought before the State Security prosecution, on February 21. He faced charges of joining a banned group and publishing false news, in lawsuit No. 441/2018 State Security.
The arrest followed the publishing of an interview, by Huffington Post Arabic, conducted with the Judge Hisham Genina, who was supporting Sami Annan’s candidacy for the 2018 elections. In this interview, at Genina’s home, he attacked Al-Sisi’s regime, denouncing the arrest of Sami Anan’s team after being excluded from the elections.
By February 21, 2020, Wadnan has reached two years of pretrial detention at Al-Aqrab prison, which is the maximum legal limit that requires the public prosecution to order his release. Later on, the prosecution ordered Wadnan’s release, on May 7, 2020. Still, Wadnan was brought before the State Security Prosecution on charges of promoting terrorist acts, which ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in a new lawsuit No. 1898/2019 Exclusive State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: February 16, 2018.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention in a new lawsuit, after the release order in the first lawsuit No. 441/2018 as he exceeded the legal maximum limit of pretrial detention.

Lawsuit Number: 1898/2019 Exclusive Supreme State Security.

Mostafa Al-Aasar

A freelance journalist has many articles and reports on press websites, such as Altra Sawt and Huffington Post Arabic.
On February 4, 2018, Mostafa Al-Aasar and Hasan El-Banna were arrested while heading from home to work. Security personnel with plainclothes stopped the microbus and ordered El-Banna and Al-Aasar to get out of the vehicle and escorted them to an unknown place. The Ministry of Interior denied knowing Al-Aasar’s whereabouts. After a period of enforced disappearance, the two journalists were brought before the Supreme National Security Prosecution in Fifth Settlement. The prosecution ordered 15 days of detention pending investigations in lawsuit No.441/2018 on charges of joining a terrorist group. By February 14, 2020, Al-Aasar has exceeded two years of pretrial detention, which is the maximum legal limit that requires the public prosecution to order his release.
On May 7, 2020, the State Security Prosecution ordered Al-Aasar’s release under residence guarantee. And even though he arrived at Al-Fayoum police station for release on May 9, 2020, the police officials denied his presence. On the next day, Al-Aasar was brought before the State Security Prosecution on charges of promoting terrorist acts, in a new lawsuit No. 1898/2019 Exclusive State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: February 4, 2018.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention in a new lawsuit, after the release order in the first lawsuit No.441/2018 as he exceeded the legal maximum limit of pretrial detention.

Lawsuit Number: 1898/2019 Exclusive Supreme State Security.

Mahmoud Hussien

A journalist, a former editor-in-chief in Maspero, and Al-Jazeera correspondent until the shut down of the Cairo office in 2013, then he moved to Al- Doha to work as a news producer in Al- Jazeera.
On December 20, 2016, the security forces at Cairo Airport held Hussien, as soon he arrived from Al-Doha to spend his annual vacation. Then he was released after 15 hours of interrogation. Three days later, the police forces stormed Hussien’s home in Giza governorate and arrested him and two of his brothers, who were released after two weeks. The prosecution charged Hussien with broadcasting fabricated media materials and false news at the behest of Al-Jazeera, inciting against the Egyptian State institutions, creating chaos and discord, and disturbing public peace.
Hussien remained in detention for thirty months, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 11152/2016 Supreme State Security, until the Criminal Court ordered his release with precautionary measures on May 25, 2019. However, the prosecution has recharged Hussien in another lawsuit No. 1360 /2018 Supreme State Security, and he is still in custody till now.

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Arrest Date: December 23, 2016.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:Lawsuit Number: 1360 /2018 Exclusive Supreme State Security.

Ismail Alexandrani

An investigative journalist and a researcher specialized in the marginalized communities issues in Egypt, mainly Sinai.

Alexandrani was arrested in Hurghada Airport, after he arrived from Berlin on November 29, 2015. On the same day, ALexandrani was brought before the Supreme State Security Prosecution, where he was subjected to interrogation for two days. Then the prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations. It charged him with joining a banned group founded in violation of the Law provisions, Muslim Brotherhood, promoting for its ideas, and broadcasting false news and information on the situation in Sinai.

After 30 months of pretrial detention pending investigations, Alexandrani had been referred to the Military Court in Case No. 18/2018 Military Criminalities North of Cairo. On May 22, 2018, the Military Court sentenced Alexandrani to 10 years in prison. Then the military ruler approved the ruling on December 27, 2018.

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Arrest Date: November 29, 2015

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 10 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 18/2018 Military Criminalities North of Cairo.

For periods up to more than two years, in some cases, three academics have been detained because of exercising their right to express their opinions and participate in public affairs. The accusations against detained academics are summarized in: belonging to a terrorist group, promoting its ideas, and spreading false news and information. These are unsubstantiated accusations that are not based on serious evidence or investigations, so it is easy to charge anyone exercising their inherent right to freedom of expression with such accusations. AFTE calls for the immediate release of academics who were detained because of practicing their work, especially in light of the outbreak of the “Covid-19” epidemic and the danger it poses to the lives of prisoners.

Patrick George Zaki

An Egyptian postgraduate student at the University of Bologna- Italy, a researcher in gender issues, and a Human Rights advocator at EIPR.

On Friday, February 7, 2020, the National Security forces stopped Zaki at Cairo airport on his return home from Italy. Zaki was detained for more than 24 hours in one of the National Security premises in Cairo. According to another interrogation record with Zaki, he stated that he was tortured during an illegal interrogation and was prevented from reaching out to his family or his lawyer.

On February 8, he was moved to Mansoura Prosecution. There, the prosecution interrogated Zaki on charges of spreading false news, using an online account in disturbing the public order, and putting the society’s security in jeopardy. Then, the Mansoura prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in a lawsuit No. 7245/2019 Second Administrative Al-Mansoura.

On March 7, one month after the arrest, the State Security prosecution initiated a new investigation with several accusations, including spreading false news, inciting to protest without permission, and inciting to commit terrorist crimes in lawsuit No. 1766/2020 Supreme State Security. Zaki is still in custody pending investigations.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: February 7, 2020.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1766/2020 Investigations State Security.

Prof. Magdi Qorqor

Qorqor is a professor and the head of the Environmental Planning and Infrastructure department in the faculty of Urban and Regional Planning, at Cairo University. He is also the secretary-general of the Istiqlal Party, an opposing party of Al-Sisi’s regime.

On September 23, 2019, he was arrested from his home, among many other leading members in the Istiqlal Party. He enforcedly disappeared for 12 days, as his family knew neither his whereabouts or the reason for his arrest until he appeared before the Supreme State Security Prosecution for interrogation on charges of joining a terrorist group, pending lawsuit No. 1350/2019 Exclusive State Security.

This is not his first arrest during the Al-Sisi regime, He was arrested before on July 2, 2014, and accused of joining a terrorist group and inciting violence, but the Criminal Court ordered his release under precautionary measures on March 19, 2016.

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Arrest Date: September 23, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1350/2018 Exclusive State Security.

Prof. Hazem Hosni

Hosni is a political science professor in the Faculty of Economics and Political Science,  at Cairo University.

In 2018, Hosni was the spokesperson for Lieutenant-General Sami Annan’s presidential campaign, known for his opposing views, via Social Media Networks, on the policies of President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi.

On September 25, 2019, the 68 years old, Hazem Hosi, was arrested and brought before the State Security Prosecution. He faced charges of involving with a terrorist group to achieve its purposes, deliberately publishing false news and rumors to disturb public peace, and misusing Social Media Networks, in lawsuit No. 488/2018 Supreme State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: September 25, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 488/2018 Supreme State Security.