Association of Freedom of Thought and Expression

For periods up to more than two years, in some cases, 5 creators have been detained because of exercising their right to freedom of creativity. The accusations against detained creators are summarized in: belonging to a terrorist group, promoting its ideas, spreading false news and information, and the disclosure of military secrets. These are unsubstantiated accusations that are not based on serious evidence or investigations, so it is easy to charge anyone exercising their inherent right to freedom of creativity with such accusations. AFTE calls for the immediate release of creators who were detained because of exercising their right to freedom of creativity, especially in light of the outbreak of the “Covid-19” epidemic and the danger it poses to the lives of prisoners.

Motaaz Abd Al-Wahab

A movie producer. He established One Team Productions company, in 2010, specialized in making documentaries, short films, movies, TV visual reports. The company produced several films, most notably, When We’re Born – Lamma Bnetweled- which won the Best Movie award in the forty-sixth session of the Cairo Film Society’ festival. And also, Sayed Hegab in 2010, Altayeb: a Homeland Autobiography in 2012, and The Heart of Cairo City in 2020. He previously worked as production manager at Al Ahram Agency For Advertising and Orbit TV.
On May 5, 2020, the police forces arrested Abd Al-Wahab from his company office in Degal Al Maady district, Cairo. He was brought before the State Security Prosecution, in Fifth Settlement, for the first time on May 11. The prosecution charged him with joining a terrorist group and broadcasting false news, and ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in the lawsuit No. 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.
Abd Al-Wahab’s arrest is likely because of participating in producing a film on Covid-19 situation in Egypt, for a non-Egyptian TV.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: May 5, 2020.

Legal Status: Pretrial Detention.

Lawsuit Number: 586/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Mostafa Gamal Kamel

On March 1, 2018, the police forces arrested Gamal from his home in the 6th of October district, but he was not brought before the State Security Prosecution until March 4.

The State Security Prosecution accused the graphic designer of joining a terrorist group and spreading false news, ordering his imprisonment pending investigation in Case 480/2018 Supreme State Security, known in the media as the “Date Song.”

The case of the “Balha (Date) Song” came after singer Ramy Essam published a video clip titled: “Balha” (Date) attacking the current president, Abdel Fattah El-Sisi. The case involved 7 defendants, the prosecution has released five of them at different times.

Gamal, who used to provide services related to managing Ramy Essam’s social media pages until 2015, exceeded on March 5, 2020, two years in pretrial detention pending the case, which requires his release for exceeding the legally stipulated period of pretrial detention. Moreover, communication between him and Ramy Essam was cut off several years before the production of the video clip, which is the subject matter of the case for which he is detained.

On May 31, 2020, the Public Prosecution ordered Mustafa’s release for over two years, but the decision to release him was not implemented.
On June 5, 2020, Mustafa disappeared while completing the procedures for his release in the second division of October 6 district. Mustafa has forcibly disappeared until he appeared in the State Security Prosecution, in the Fifth Settlement, east of Cairo, on July 17, 2020, pending the State Security Case 730/2020, so the State Security Prosecution resumed his detention pending the new case with the same charges of the previous case, pending investigations.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: March 1, 2018.

Legal Status: Pretrial Detention, Exceeded the maximum legal detention period.

Lawsuit Number: 480/2018 Supreme State Security.

Khaled Lotfy

Lotfy is the director and founder of Tanmia, the bookstore and publishing house.
He was arrested in April 2018 on accusations of revealing military secrets and spreading rumors. In October 2018, the Military Court issued the first instance verdict that sentenced Lotfy to 5 years in prison, and in February 2019, the decision was upheld. Later, on December 24, 2019, the Military Court of Cassation rejected Lotfy’s final appeal against his five-year prison sentence.
The case goes back to September 2017, when a police force of Art Works stormed Tanmia publishing house and arrested one of its workers, under the pretext of publishing and distributing a book in violation of the publishing standards. Aftermath, Tanmiea’s officials destroyed 2,000 copies, the entire printed copies of the book at issue. In December 2017, the incident was referred to the Military Court, instead of the Economic Court that has jurisdiction on settling disputes of intellectual property and infringing the publishing standards, following the law. Later on, the Military Prosecutor summoned the publisher, Khaled Lotfy, to investigate the incident and ordered his detention.
Lotfy republished the book “The Angel, the Egyptian Spy who saved Israel” about Ashraf Marwan, the son-in-law of the former President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: April 2018.

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 5 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 1298/2018 Misdemeanor Military of North.

Mohamad Hawas

Hawas, the owner of Daad publishing house, was arrested after publishing a collection of poetry entitled “The Earth’s Best Women” written by the poet Jalal Al-Behairi.

Hawas was detained after he faced charges of possessing publications that include false news and rumors, and associating with the first defendant in insulting the Egyptian Army by printing this collection. On July 31, 2018, the Military Court sentenced him to 3 years imprisonment and a fine of 10000 EGP.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: March 3, 2018.

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 3 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 4/2018 Administrative Misdemeanor Military Prosecutor.

Jalal Al-Behairi

On March 3, 2018, the Cairo Airport’s security forces arrested the Egyptian poet, Jalal Al-Behairi, after he arrived from abroad. He was brought before the State Security Prosecution for investigations in lawsuit No. 480/2018 Supreme State Security, AKA: Balha Song Case. Al-Behairi faced charges of joining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and insulting the President of the Republic. The prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigation. Then, on April 17, 2019, he was released under precautionary measures, and, eventually,  the State Security Prosecution lifted these measures on February 24, 2020.

On the other hand, the Military Prosecution initiated another investigation with Al-Behairi, on the next day of the arrest, because of writing a collection of poetry entitled “The Earth’s Best Women”, which included Balah Song. The prosecution ordered his detention on charges of spreading false news and rumors on the Egyptian Armed Forces and insulting the Egyptian Army via publishing a book includes insults to the Egyptian Army, in lawsuit No. 4/2018 Administrative Misdemeanor Military Prosecutor.

On July 31, 2018, the Military Court sentenced him to 3 years imprisonment and a fine of 10000 EGP. Then, the Court of Cassation repealed the fine while maintaining the sentence in prison.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: March 3, 2018.

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 3 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 4/2018 Administrative Misdemeanor Military Prosecutor.

For periods up to more than two years, in some cases, 14  journalists have been detained because of practicing their profession, the essence of which is revealing facts and free expression of opinion. The accusations against detained journalists are summarized in: belonging to a terrorist group, promoting its ideas, and spreading false news and information. These are unsubstantiated accusations that are not based on serious evidence or investigations, so it is easy to charge anyone exercising their inherent right to freedom of expression with such accusations. AFTE calls for the immediate release of journalists who were detained because of practicing their profession, especially in light of the outbreak of the “Covid-19” epidemic and the danger it poses to the lives of prisoners.

Journalist Gamal ElGamal

On February 22, 2021, the security forces arrested journalist Gamal ElGamal in Cairo Airport upon his return from the Turkish capital Istanbul boarding flight number MS730.

ElGamal remained forcibly disappeared for five days until he appeared late at the night of February 27, 2021 in the State security headquarters of the Fifth Settlement, East of Cairo, pending charges in a state security case that goes back to 2017, case 977/2017.

The State Security Prosecution accused the defendants in this case of joining a group established in violation of the law, publishing false news and data, and using an account on social media with the aim of carrying out a second crime.

Gamal ElGamal is an independent journalist who wrote for many Egyptian and Arab websites, most notably Al-Tahrir and Al-Masry Al-Youm and Arabi 21 newspapers. In September 2014, Al-Gamal received a phone call from President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, during which he blamed him for criticizing governmental policies, before Al-Masry Al-Youm stopped publishing his articles for the same reason in 2015.

Due to restraints upon him, ElGamal left Cairo years ago, heading to Istanbul, after Al-Masry Al-Youm newspaper stopped publishing his weekly article. ElGamal continued writing his thoughts while he was in Turkey on the Arabi 21 news website.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date:27 February 2021

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:977/2017

Hamdy Atef Hesham AbdelFattah

On January 4, 2021, the police forces arrested Hamdy Atef, journalist, from his home in Zefta, Gharbia Governorate. Hamdy was forcibly disappeared in the National Security headquarters of Gharbia for a week, until he appeared before the State Security Prosecution in the Fifth Settlement, Cairo, on January 11. The State Security Prosecution charged him with joining a terrorist group, publishing false news and data, and using an account on a social media site with the aim of spreading false news, in the Supreme State Security Case 1017/2020.

Hamdy, who is also a student in the fourth year of the Faculty of Arts in the Journalism Department, works as a trainee and a reporter for the Crime Section of Misr Al-Balad Newspaper. He also works as a correspondent for Al-Nabaa, Al-Bayan and Al-Shura newspapers.

Atef was arrested because of covering the hypoxic crisis suffered by those infected with the Coronavirus in Zefta General Hospital, which led to the death of some of the patients.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: 4 january 2021

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:1017/2020

Amer Abdel Moneim Ahmed

Writer and journalist, he worked as managing editor of Al-Shaab newspaper, which was issued on behalf of the Labor Party.

On December 18, 2020, the police forces arrested Amer Abdel Moneim, from his home in the Haram district of the Giza Governorate.

The 57-year-old journalist was brought before the State Security Prosecution two days after his arrest on the 20th of the same month, pending investigations in the Supreme State Security Case 1017/2020, where the prosecution accused him of joining a terrorist group, spreading false news, using a social media account with the intention of committing a crime. The prosecution ordered his arrest for 15 days pending investigations. Abdel Moneim suffers from several health conditions, most notable of which is diabetes, he also underwent two eye surgeries less than two months before his arrest.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date:4 December 2021

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1017/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Hamdy Mokhtar Ali “Hamdy Elzaeem”

On January 4, 2021, the security forces arrested photojournalist Hamdy Mokhtar, known as “Hamdi the Boss” after storming his home. It was not until the 16th of the same month that he was brought before the State Security Prosecution, pending investigations, in the Supreme State Security Case 955/2020. The prosecution charged Mokhtar with joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its objectives, spreading false news, and using an account on social media with the aim of spreading false news.

On January 6, two days after his arrest, Mokhtar was transferred to an isolation hospital in Abbasiya after he had shown symptoms of the Coronavirus. The added part is: Mokhtar was tested for Coronavirus, the sample had a negative result, revealing that he was not infected with the epidemic.

On January 8, his papers were transferred to the State Security Prosecution for investigation, but he could not be transferred due to his health condition.

It is worth noting, however, that this is not the first time for the police to arrest the 42-year-old photojournalist, as he was arrested in September 2016 while he was photographing a press report and remained in pretrial detention for more than a year and a half, as the court replaced his detention with precautionary measures in April of 2018.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date:4 january 2021

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:955/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Ahmed Mohamed Khalifa

Ahmed Khalifa, an editor at Egypt 360 news website, appeared in the Fifth Settlement National Security Headquarters on January 19, 2021, after 13 days of his disappearance since he was summoned to the Fayoum National Security Headquarters. A police force went to the journalist’s house in the Talat village of Fayoum where he was absent, before he received a phone call asking him to be present at the National Security headquarters in Fayoum, to which the journalist responded on January 6. From that moment on, news of Khalifa were completely cut off and National Security in Fayoum denied knowing his whereabouts, until he appeared as a defendant pending investigations in the Supreme State Security  Case 65/2021. The State Security Prosecution charged Khalifa with joining a terrorist group, spreading false news, and using social media accounts with the intention of carrying out a crime.

Ahmed Khalifa, the editor at Egypt 360 news website, has many reports addressing labor affairs as well as art and creativity, he also published several features in different media outlets such as AlManasa and Welad Al-Balad.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: 6 january 2021

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 65/2021 Supreme State Security.

Ahmad Mohammad Ahmad Allam

A journalist and TV programs editor, worked for several Egyptian and Arab newspapers and TV channels such as, CBC, Al-Mayadeen, Al-Masry Al-youm, Assafir. He works now for Al-Karama newspaper.
On April 25, 2020, the police forces arrested Allam after storming his family home in Al-Ayyat, Giza. Allam’s whereabouts were unknown until he appeared before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement district. Allam is facing several charges, including Joining a terrorist group, spreading false news using Social Media Networks. The prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in lawsuit No. 558/2020 Exclusive State Security.
Allam’s prosecution is likely because he participated in preparing a video report, on Covid-19 situation in Egypt, for one of non-Egyptian TV channels.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: April 25, 2020.

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:558/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Ahmad Shaker

A journalist in Rosalyousef newspaper.
On the early morning of November 28, 2019, the security forces arrested Shaker from his home in Qalyubia governorate. Then, he was brought before the State Security Prosecution, on November 30, to face charges of joining a terrorist group and publishing false news, in lawsuit N. 488/2019 State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: November 28, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations

Lawsuit Number: 488/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Mostafa Al-Khateeb

A translator in Associated Press.
He was arrested from his home on October 13, 2019. The next day, Al-Khateeb was brought before the State Security Prosecution to face charges of joining a terrorist group and publishing false news, in the lawsuit No. 488/2019 State Security. Al-Khatib’s arrest is likely because of a report published by the Associated Press on the arrest of British students, who are in Egypt for academic purposes, coinciding with the authorities’ security measures to suppress demonstrations, the Egyptian contractor Mohamed Ali called for, against Al-Sisi’s regime.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: October 13, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 488/2019 Exclusive State Security.

Muhamad Radwan Muhamad Ebrahim

A journalist and a blogger of Oxygen Masr blog, which covers Egyptian issues.
On September 21, 2019, Ebrahim disappeared from El-Basateen police station After presenting himself in, to fulfil his probation under precautionary measures, in lawsuit No. 621 / 2018. In which before, he was in custody, pending investigation from April 7, 2018, until the prosecution ordered his release on July 22, 2019.

The police station denied Ebrahim’s existence inside the station. And after 18 days of enforced disappearance, Ebrahim was brought before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement district, to face charges of misusing the online social networks in lawsuit No. 1365/2018 Supreme State Security. Ebrahim’s arrest followed his work on covering demonstrations against Al-Sisi’s regime.

On November 3, 2020, the Criminal Court decided Ibrahim’s release, but the court’s decision had not been implemented, and his lawyers were surprised that he was detained again pending a new third case that carried No. 855 of 2020 Supreme State Security
On the 11th of the same month. The State Security Prosecution accused Ibrahim of the same previous accusations, which including joining a terrorist group with knowledge of its purposes.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: September 21, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 855/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Abd-Alrahman Awad Abd-Alsalam

A freelance journalist.
On January 2, 2019, the security forces arrested Abd-Alsalam with his colleague Muhamad Jebreel, after recording an interview with the former parliament member, Muhamad Anwar Al-Sadat. The Ministry of Interior had denied the arrest until he appeared before the State Security prosecution, in Fifth Settlement, on January 13, 2019. Abd-Alsalam is facing charges of joining a terrorist group and publishing false news, in lawsuit No. 1365/2018 Supreme State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: January 2, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1365/2018 Exclusive State Security.

Moataz Wadnan

A journalist worked for Huffington Post Arabic as an editor before detention and also worked for several Egyptian newspapers such as Ahl Masr and Baladna Alyoum.
On February 16, 2018, the police forces arrested Wadnan and a number of his relatives, after stopping the taxi they were riding on the Ring Road in the Giza governorate. A few hours later, his relatives were released, but Wadnan was brought before the State Security prosecution, on February 21. He faced charges of joining a banned group and publishing false news, in lawsuit No. 441/2018 State Security.
The arrest followed the publishing of an interview, by Huffington Post Arabic, conducted with the Judge Hisham Genina, who was supporting Sami Annan’s candidacy for the 2018 elections. In this interview, at Genina’s home, he attacked Al-Sisi’s regime, denouncing the arrest of Sami Anan’s team after being excluded from the elections.
By February 21, 2020, Wadnan has reached two years of pretrial detention at Al-Aqrab prison, which is the maximum legal limit that requires the public prosecution to order his release. Later on, the prosecution ordered Wadnan’s release, on May 7, 2020. Still, Wadnan was brought before the State Security Prosecution on charges of promoting terrorist acts, which ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in a new lawsuit No. 1898/2019 Exclusive State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: February 16, 2018.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention in a new lawsuit, after the release order in the first lawsuit No. 441/2018 as he exceeded the legal maximum limit of pretrial detention.

Lawsuit Number: 1898/2019 Exclusive Supreme State Security.

Mostafa Al-Aasar

A freelance journalist has many articles and reports on press websites, such as Altra Sawt and Huffington Post Arabic.
On February 4, 2018, Mostafa Al-Aasar and Hasan El-Banna were arrested while heading from home to work. Security personnel with plainclothes stopped the microbus and ordered El-Banna and Al-Aasar to get out of the vehicle and escorted them to an unknown place. The Ministry of Interior denied knowing Al-Aasar’s whereabouts. After a period of enforced disappearance, the two journalists were brought before the Supreme National Security Prosecution in Fifth Settlement. The prosecution ordered 15 days of detention pending investigations in lawsuit No.441/2018 on charges of joining a terrorist group. By February 14, 2020, Al-Aasar has exceeded two years of pretrial detention, which is the maximum legal limit that requires the public prosecution to order his release.
On May 7, 2020, the State Security Prosecution ordered Al-Aasar’s release under residence guarantee. And even though he arrived at Al-Fayoum police station for release on May 9, 2020, the police officials denied his presence. On the next day, Al-Aasar was brought before the State Security Prosecution on charges of promoting terrorist acts, in a new lawsuit No. 1898/2019 Exclusive State Security.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: February 4, 2018.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention in a new lawsuit, after the release order in the first lawsuit No.441/2018 as he exceeded the legal maximum limit of pretrial detention.

Lawsuit Number: 1898/2019 Exclusive Supreme State Security.

Ismail Alexandrani

An investigative journalist and a researcher specialized in the marginalized communities issues in Egypt, mainly Sinai.

Alexandrani was arrested in Hurghada Airport, after he arrived from Berlin on November 29, 2015. On the same day, ALexandrani was brought before the Supreme State Security Prosecution, where he was subjected to interrogation for two days. Then the prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations. It charged him with joining a banned group founded in violation of the Law provisions, Muslim Brotherhood, promoting for its ideas, and broadcasting false news and information on the situation in Sinai.

After 30 months of pretrial detention pending investigations, Alexandrani had been referred to the Military Court in Case No. 18/2018 Military Criminalities North of Cairo. On May 22, 2018, the Military Court sentenced Alexandrani to 10 years in prison. Then the military ruler approved the ruling on December 27, 2018.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: November 29, 2015

Legal Status: The Military Court sentenced him to 10 years in prison.

Lawsuit Number: 18/2018 Military Criminalities North of Cairo.

For periods up to more than two years, in some cases, 4 academics have been detained because of exercising their right to express their opinions and participate in public affairs. The accusations against detained academics are summarized in: belonging to a terrorist group, promoting its ideas, and spreading false news and information. These are unsubstantiated accusations that are not based on serious evidence or investigations, so it is easy to charge anyone exercising their inherent right to freedom of expression with such accusations. AFTE calls for the immediate release of academics who were detained because of practicing their work, especially in light of the outbreak of the “Covid-19” epidemic and the danger it poses to the lives of prisoners.

Researcher Ahmed Samir AbdelHay

On February 6, 2021, the State Security Prosecution ordered the detention of the researcher and master’s student, Ahmed Samir, for 15 days pending investigations in the State Security Case 65/2021. Samir is accused of joining a terrorist group, publishing false news that harm security and public order, and using an account on a social media site with the purpose of spreading false news.

The State Security Prosecution confronted AbdelHay with some photographs of posts on the social networking site “Facebook”, to which he responded by denying his connection to these posts or the account attributed to him. During the prosecution’s investigations, AbdelHay complained that he was subjected to ill-treatment and torture while being interrogated by National Security officers, on account of which, his defense team requested that he be referred to forensic medicine to prove the violations he had suffered.

AbdelHay is an Egyptian researcher and master’s student at the Central European University in the Austrian capital Vienna “CEU”, where he studies anthropology and social sciences since September 2019.

The twenty-nine-year-old student returned to Egypt on vacation to visit his family and friends in mid-December 2020 via Sharm el-Sheikh airport, where the security authorities first arrested him, illegally interrogating him about the reasons for his travel and his fields of study, before they allowed him to leave.

On January 23, 2021, a National Security force raided the house of AbdelHay’s family in the Fifth Settlement district, east of Cairo, while he was on vacation in South Sinai. The security forces searched AbdelHay’s house and photographed the identification papers of those present in the house. They asked his family to inform him that he should go to the Fifth Settlement Police Station. They also seized the recording device of the property’s monitoring system.

On the 30th of the same month, AbdelHay went to the Fifth Settlement Police Station in response to the aforementioned request, but they asked him to return to his home and come back the next day, which is what AbdelHay did. Yet he was detained and there was no official information about him since that date until he was brought before the State Security Prosecution on February 6, 2021, during which he moved between several police headquarters, including the National Security Office inside the Fifth Settlement Station, where he was held until the morning of February 3, after which he was transferred to the First Settlement Station, before being transferred to an unknown location on the evening of Thursday February 4.

Meanwhile, the President of the Central European University, Michael Ignatieff, called on the Egyptian authorities to release AbdelHay and allow him to return to his family and study immediately, while the European Association of Social Anthropologists “EASA” issued a statement in which it expressed its concern about the Egyptian authorities’ detention of AbdelHay, urging the authorities to take all necessary steps to ensure the prompt and safe release of AbdelHay, as well as maintain respect for his legal rights.

On 23 February 2021, the Supreme State Security Prosecution completed the investigation with Ahmed Samir and charged him with financing a terrorist group, without clarifying what this group is and what Santawy’s relationship with it is.
Ahmed Samir Santawy complained that he was placed in incommunicado since his entry into Liman Tora Prison, and there is no equipment was entered for him, or that he was allowed to purchase from the prison canteen, despite his family depositing money in the prison canteens.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: 1 February 2020

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:56/2021

Doctor Ahmed AlTomahy AbdelHay

He was arrested on June 3, 2020,  but his whereabouts were unknown for 17 days, as he was forcibly disappeared at the Cairo National Security headquarters until he was brought before the Public Prosecution Office on June 20. He was imprisoned pending the Supreme State Security Case 649/2020 on charges of joining a terrorist group, spreading false news and statements, and misusing social media.

The prosecution’s investigation with AlTohamy focused on his accusation of collaborating with the Egyptian activist Mohamed Sultan, who is residing in the United States, in the case Sultan filed against the former Prime Minister Hazem Al-Beblawy, which AlTohamy has denied before the investigating authorities.

AlTohamy has been suffering from poor detention conditions since his arrest, as he resides in a detention room inhibited by 30 people and is denied from exercise, he was also banned from receiving family visits until last October.

The Supreme State Security Prosecution renewed AlTohamy’s detention, without his presence at the prosecution office or enabling him to communicate with his lawyer.

AlTohamy is a researcher in comparative politics and international relations, working as an assistant professor of political science at the Faculty of Economic Studies and Political Science at Alexandria University since 2014. He previously worked as a researcher and then a professor at the National Institute for Social and Criminal Research in Cairo from 2000 until 2014 and a researcher at the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies from 1996 until 2000. In 2019 he was a visiting professor at the Free University of Berlin. AlTohamy has published many writings in scientific periodicals.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date:3 June 2020

Legal Status:Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number:649/2020 Exclusive State Security.

Patrick George Zaki

An Egyptian postgraduate student at the University of Bologna- Italy, a researcher in gender issues, and a Human Rights advocator at EIPR.

On Friday, February 7, 2020, the National Security forces stopped Zaki at Cairo airport on his return home from Italy. Zaki was detained for more than 24 hours in one of the National Security premises in Cairo. According to another interrogation record with Zaki, he stated that he was tortured during an illegal interrogation and was prevented from reaching out to his family or his lawyer.

On February 8, he was moved to Mansoura Prosecution. There, the prosecution interrogated Zaki on charges of spreading false news, using an online account in disturbing the public order, and putting the society’s security in jeopardy. Then, the Mansoura prosecution ordered his detention for 15 days, pending investigations in a lawsuit No. 7245/2019 Second Administrative Al-Mansoura.

On March 7, one month after the arrest, the State Security prosecution initiated a new investigation with several accusations, including spreading false news, inciting to protest without permission, and inciting to commit terrorist crimes in lawsuit No. 1766/2020 Supreme State Security. Zaki is still in custody pending investigations.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: February 7, 2020.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1766/2020 Investigations State Security.

Prof. Magdi Qorqor

Qorqor is a professor and the head of the Environmental Planning and Infrastructure department in the faculty of Urban and Regional Planning, at Cairo University. He is also the secretary-general of the Istiqlal Party, an opposing party of Al-Sisi’s regime.

On September 23, 2019, he was arrested from his home, among many other leading members in the Istiqlal Party. He enforcedly disappeared for 12 days, as his family knew neither his whereabouts or the reason for his arrest until he appeared before the Supreme State Security Prosecution for interrogation on charges of joining a terrorist group, pending lawsuit No. 1350/2019 Exclusive State Security.

This is not his first arrest during the Al-Sisi regime, He was arrested before on July 2, 2014, and accused of joining a terrorist group and inciting violence, but the Criminal Court ordered his release under precautionary measures on March 19, 2016.

To read the methodology click here.

Arrest Date: September 23, 2019.

Legal Status: Pretrial detention pending investigations.

Lawsuit Number: 1350/2018 Exclusive State Security.